Abstract: An activity-directed fractionation and purification process was used to isolate antitumor compounds from the roots of Belamcanda chinensis (L.) DC. The ethyl acetate extract showed greater antitumor activities than the other extracts, consequently leading to the isolation of 18 compounds identified as b-sitosterol (1), dausterol (2), quercetin (3), kampferol (4), shikimic acid (5), gallic acid (6), ursolic acid (7), betulin (8), betulonic acid (9), betulone (10), tectoridin (11), irisflorentin (12), 4′,5,6-trihydroxy-7-methoxyisoflavone (13), tectorigenin (14), irilins A (15), iridin (16), irigenin (17), and iristectongenin A (18). Compounds 3–10, 13, and 15 were isolated from B. chinensis for the first time. Compounds 4 and 7–10 showed potent cytotoxic activities against PC3, MGC-803, Bcap-37, and MCF-7 cell lines. The mechanism of the antitumor action of compound 7 was preliminarily investigated through acridine orange/ethidium bromide (AO/EB) staining, Hoechst 33258 staining, and terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase dUTP nick end labeling (TUNEL) assay, which indicated the growth inhibition of MGC-803 cells via the induction of tumor cell apoptosis.
Keywords: Belamcanda chinensis (L.) DC; chemical constituents; antitumor activity; cell apoptosis
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Liu, M.; Yang, S.; Jin, L.; Hu, D.; Wu, Z.; Yang, S. Chemical Constituents of the Ethyl Acetate Extract of Belamcanda chinensis (L.) DC Roots and Their Antitumor Activities. Molecules 2012, 17, 6156-6169.
Liu M, Yang S, Jin L, Hu D, Wu Z, Yang S. Chemical Constituents of the Ethyl Acetate Extract of Belamcanda chinensis (L.) DC Roots and Their Antitumor Activities. Molecules. 2012; 17(5):6156-6169.
Liu, Mingchuan; Yang, Shengjie; Jin, Linhong; Hu, Deyu; Wu, Zhibing; Yang, Song. 2012. "Chemical Constituents of the Ethyl Acetate Extract of Belamcanda chinensis (L.) DC Roots and Their Antitumor Activities." Molecules 17, no. 5: 6156-6169.