Next Article in Journal
A Simple Halide-to-Anion Exchange Method for Heteroaromatic Salts and Ionic Liquids
Previous Article in Journal
Diverse Effects of β-Carotene on Secretion and Expression of VEGF in Human Hepatocarcinoma and Prostate Tumor Cells
Molecules 2012, 17(4), 3989-4006; doi:10.3390/molecules17043989
Review

Essential Oils in Combination and Their Antimicrobial Properties

1,*  and 2
Received: 5 March 2012 / Revised: 27 March 2012 / Accepted: 29 March 2012 / Published: 2 April 2012
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [242 KB, uploaded 18 June 2014]

Abstract

Essential oils (EOs) have been long recognized for their antibacterial, antifungal, antiviral, insecticidal and antioxidant properties. They are widely used in medicine and the food industry for these purposes. The increased interest in alternative natural substances is driving the research community to find new uses and applications of these substances. EOs and their components show promising activities against many food-borne pathogens and spoilage microorganisms when tested in vitro. In food systems, higher concentrations of EOs are needed to exert similar antibacterial effects as those obtained in in vitro assays. The use of combinations of EOs and their isolated components are thus new approaches to increase the efficacy of EOs in foods, taking advantage of their synergistic and additive effects. The purpose of this review is to provide an overview on the antimicrobial efficacy of these combinations. A survey of the methods used for the determination of the interactions and mechanisms involved in the antimicrobial activities of these combinations are also reported.
Keywords: essential oils; combinations; antimicrobial; synergism; antagonism; additive effects essential oils; combinations; antimicrobial; synergism; antagonism; additive effects
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Share & Cite This Article

Further Mendeley | CiteULike
Export to BibTeX |
EndNote
MDPI and ACS Style

Bassolé, I.H.N.; Juliani, H.R. Essential Oils in Combination and Their Antimicrobial Properties. Molecules 2012, 17, 3989-4006.

View more citation formats

Related Articles

Article Metrics

For more information on the journal, click here

Comments

Cited By

[Return to top]
Molecules EISSN 1420-3049 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert