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Molecules 2012, 17(3), 2643-2662; doi:10.3390/molecules17032643

A Microwave-Assisted Bismuth Nitrate-Catalyzed Unique Route Toward 1,4-Dihydropyridines

,  and *
Department of Chemistry, The University of Texas-Pan American, 1201 West University Drive, Edinburg, TX 78539, USA Undergraduate research participant.
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 6 February 2012 / Revised: 26 February 2012 / Accepted: 27 February 2012 / Published: 5 March 2012
(This article belongs to the Section Organic Synthesis)
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The classical Hantzsch reaction is one of the simplest and most economical methods for the synthesis of biologically important and pharmacologically useful 1,4-dihydropyridine derivatives. Bismuth nitrate pentahydrate under microwave irradiation is proven to act as a very efficient catalyst for a one-pot, three-component synthesis of 1,4-dihydropyridines in excellent yields from diverse amines/ammonium acetate, aldehydes and 1,3-dicarbonyl compounds within 1–3 min under solvent-free conditions. The present environmentally benign procedure for the synthesis of 1,4-dihydropyridines is suitable for library synthesis and it will find application in the synthesis of potent biologically active molecules. The excellent yield and extreme rapidity of the method is due to a concurrent effect of the catalyst and microwave irradiation.
Keywords: microwave; 1,4-dihydropyridines; catalysis; green synthesis; bismuth nitrate microwave; 1,4-dihydropyridines; catalysis; green synthesis; bismuth nitrate
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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Bandyopadhyay, D.; Maldonado, S.; Banik, B.K. A Microwave-Assisted Bismuth Nitrate-Catalyzed Unique Route Toward 1,4-Dihydropyridines. Molecules 2012, 17, 2643-2662.

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