Next Article in Journal
Biocatalytic Resolution of Enantiomeric Mixtures of 1-Aminoethanephosphonic Acid
Previous Article in Journal
Comparative Properties of Amazonian Oils Obtained by Different Extraction Methods
Molecules 2011, 16(7), 5886-5895; doi:10.3390/molecules16075886

Friedel-Craft Acylation of ar-Himachalene: Synthesis of Acyl-ar-Himachalene and a New Acyl-Hydroperoxide

2,*  and 2
1 Laboratoire de Chimie de Coordination, Faculté des Sciences-Semlalia BP 2390, Marrakech 40001, Morocco 2 Departamento de CMIM y Química Inorgánica, Facultad de Ciencias, Universidad de Cadiz, Campus Universitario Río San Pedro, Puerto Real 11510, Spain
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 19 May 2011 / Revised: 29 June 2011 / Accepted: 8 July 2011 / Published: 14 July 2011
(This article belongs to the Section Organic Synthesis)
Download PDF [278 KB, uploaded 18 June 2014]


Friedel-Craft acylation at 100 °C of 2,5,9,9-tetramethyl-6,7,8,9-tetrahydro-5H-benzocycloheptene [ar-himachalene (1)], a sesquiterpenic hydrocarbon obtained by catalytic dehydrogenation of α-, β- and γ-himachalenes, produces a mixture of two compounds: (3,5,5,9-tetramethyl-6,7,8,9-tetrahydro-5H-benzocyclohepten-2-yl)-ethanone (2, in 69% yield), with a conserved reactant backbone, and 3, with a different skeleton, in 21% yield. The crystal structure of 3 reveals it to be 1-(8-ethyl-8-hydroperoxy-3,5,5-trimethyl-5,6,7,8-tetrahydronaphthalen-2-yl)-ethanone. In this compound O-H…O bonds form dimers. These hydrogen-bonds, in conjunction with weaker C-H…O interactions, form a more extended supramolecular arrangement in the crystal.
Keywords: ar-himachalene; Friedel-Craft acylation; hydroperoxyde; hydrogen-bonds ar-himachalene; Friedel-Craft acylation; hydroperoxyde; hydrogen-bonds
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Share & Cite This Article

Further Mendeley | CiteULike
Export to BibTeX |
MDPI and ACS Style

Hossini, I.; Harrad, M.A.; Ait Ali, M.; El Firdoussi, L.; Karim, A.; Valerga, P.; Puerta, M.C. Friedel-Craft Acylation of ar-Himachalene: Synthesis of Acyl-ar-Himachalene and a New Acyl-Hydroperoxide. Molecules 2011, 16, 5886-5895.

View more citation formats

Related Articles

Article Metrics

For more information on the journal, click here


Cited By

[Return to top]
Molecules EISSN 1420-3049 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert