Abstract: An indirect competitive enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (icELISA) with enhanced specificity for melamine in milk was developed. Three haptens of melamine with different spacer-arms were used to prepare different plate coating antigens. It was found that the icELISA show best sensitivity and specificity to melamine when using the coating antigen prepared by coupling 3-(4,6-diamino-1,6-dihydro-1,3,5-triazin-2-ylthio)propanoic acid (Hapten C) with ovalbumin (OVA). The 50% inhibitory concentration (IC50) value was 35.4 ng·mL−1, the limit of detection (LOD) was 8.9 ng·mL−1 and the detectable working range (20–80% inhibitory concentration) was from 14.9 to 108.5 ng·mL−1, respectively. Compared to the ELISA results previously reported, the developed icELISA in the present study showed a much lower cross-reactivity to cyromazine, a fly-killing insecticide widely used in vegetables and stables. Recoveries obtained from milk samples in this study were in agreement with those obtained using the HPLC-MS method, indicating the detection performance of the icELISA could meet the requirement of the residue limit set by the Codex Alimentarius Commission. Therefore, the developed immunoassay can be applied for the analysis of melamine presented in milk.
Keywords: melamine; ELISA; specificity; milk
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Lei, H.; Su, R.; Haughey, S.A.; Wang, Q.; Xu, Z.; Yang, J.; Shen, Y.; Wang, H.; Jiang, Y.; Sun, Y. Development of a Specifically Enhanced Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay for the Detection of Melamine in Milk. Molecules 2011, 16, 5591-5603.
Lei H, Su R, Haughey SA, Wang Q, Xu Z, Yang J, Shen Y, Wang H, Jiang Y, Sun Y. Development of a Specifically Enhanced Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay for the Detection of Melamine in Milk. Molecules. 2011; 16(7):5591-5603.
Lei, Hongtao; Su, Rui; Haughey, Simon A.; Wang, Qiang; Xu, Zhenlin; Yang, Jinyi; Shen, Yudong; Wang, Hong; Jiang, Yueming; Sun, Yuanming. 2011. "Development of a Specifically Enhanced Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay for the Detection of Melamine in Milk." Molecules 16, no. 7: 5591-5603.