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Molecules 2011, 16(6), 4379-4388; doi:10.3390/molecules16064379
Article

Knoevenagel Reaction in [MMIm][MSO4]: Synthesis of Coumarins

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Received: 26 April 2011; in revised form: 18 May 2011 / Accepted: 19 May 2011 / Published: 27 May 2011
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Abstract: The ionic liquid 1,3-dimethylimidazolium methyl sulfate, [MMIm][MSO4], together with a small amount of water (the amount taken up by the ionic liquid upon exposure to air), acts efficiently as both solvent and catalyst of the Knoevenagel condensation reactions of malononitrile with 4-substituted benzaldehydes, without the need for any other solvent or promoter, affording yields of 92%–99% within 2–7 min at room temperature. When L-proline is used as an additional promoter to obtain coumarins from o-hydroxybenzaldehydes, the reaction also proceeds in high yields. Work-up is very simple and the ionic liquid can be reused several times. Some of the coumarins obtained are described for the first time.
Keywords: ionic liquid; Knoevenagel reaction; synthesis; coumarins ionic liquid; Knoevenagel reaction; synthesis; coumarins
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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MDPI and ACS Style

Verdía, P.; Santamarta, F.; Tojo, E. Knoevenagel Reaction in [MMIm][MSO4]: Synthesis of Coumarins. Molecules 2011, 16, 4379-4388.

AMA Style

Verdía P, Santamarta F, Tojo E. Knoevenagel Reaction in [MMIm][MSO4]: Synthesis of Coumarins. Molecules. 2011; 16(6):4379-4388.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Verdía, Pedro; Santamarta, Francisco; Tojo, Emilia. 2011. "Knoevenagel Reaction in [MMIm][MSO4]: Synthesis of Coumarins." Molecules 16, no. 6: 4379-4388.


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