Abstract: This study was designed to investigate the antimicrobial activity of Cinnamomum iners standardized leave methanolic extract (CSLE), its fractions and isolated compounds. CSLE and fractions were subjected to disc diffusion, minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) and minimum bactericidal concentration (MBC) tests using different Gram positive and Gram negative bacteria and yeast. Within the series of fractions tested, the ethyl acetate fraction was the most active, particularly against methicillin resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) and Escherichia coli, with MIC values of 100 and 200 µg/mL, respectively. The active compound in this fraction was isolated and identified as xanthorrhizol [5-(1, 5-dimethyl-4-hexenyl)-2-methylphenol] by various spectroscopic techniques. The overall results of this study provide evidence that Cinnamomum iners leaves extract as well as the isolated compound xanthorrhizol exhibit antimicrobial activity for both Gram negative and Gram positive pathogens, especially against MRSA strains.
Keywords: Cinnamomum iners; antimicrobial activity; xanthorrhizol
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Mustaffa, F.; Indurkar, J.; Ismail, S.; Shah, M.; Mansor, S.M. An Antimicrobial Compound Isolated from Cinnamomum Iners Leaves with Activity against Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus Aureus. Molecules 2011, 16, 3037-3047.
Mustaffa F, Indurkar J, Ismail S, Shah M, Mansor SM. An Antimicrobial Compound Isolated from Cinnamomum Iners Leaves with Activity against Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus Aureus. Molecules. 2011; 16(4):3037-3047.
Mustaffa, Fazlina; Indurkar, Jayant; Ismail, Sabariah; Shah, Marina; Mansor, Sharif Mahsufi. 2011. "An Antimicrobial Compound Isolated from Cinnamomum Iners Leaves with Activity against Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus Aureus." Molecules 16, no. 4: 3037-3047.