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Molecules 2010, 15(3), 1398-1407; doi:10.3390/molecules15031398

The Cationic Ring-Opening Polymerization of Tetrahydrofuran with 12-Tungstophosphoric Acid

Chemistry Department, College of Science, King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
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Received: 8 January 2010 / Revised: 4 February 2010 / Accepted: 1 March 2010 / Published: 8 March 2010
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Abstract

The cationic ring-opening polymerization reaction of tetrahydrofuran at 20 ºC was catalyzed by H3PW12O40·13H2O as solid acid catalyst. The effect of the proportions of acetic anhydride and catalyst, reaction time and support on the polymerization reaction was investigated. It has been found that the yield and the viscosity of the polymer depend on the proportion of acetic anhydride, the presence of the latter in the reactant mixture being required for the ring-opening. The catalytic activity of the alumina-supported heteropolyacid results showed that Brønsted acid sites are more effective than Lewis ones for the cationic ring-opening polymerization.
Keywords: cationic polymerization; cyclic ethers; heteropolyacid; tetrahydrofuran; Ring-opening cationic polymerization; cyclic ethers; heteropolyacid; tetrahydrofuran; Ring-opening
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Aouissi, A.; Al-Deyab, S.S.; Al-Shahri, H. The Cationic Ring-Opening Polymerization of Tetrahydrofuran with 12-Tungstophosphoric Acid. Molecules 2010, 15, 1398-1407.

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