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Molecules 2010, 15(12), 9391-9402; doi:10.3390/molecules15129391
Article

Insecticidal Activity of Essential Oil of Carum Carvi Fruits from China and Its Main Components against Two Grain Storage Insects

1, 2, 3, 1, 2,* , 4, 1,*  and 3
1 Protection and Utilization of Traditional Chinese Medicine of Beijing Area Major Laboratory, Beijing Normal University, Haidian District, Beijing 100875, China 2 Department of Entomology, China Agricultural University, Haidian District, Beijing 100094, China 3 Analytical and Testing Center, Beijing Normal University, Haidian District, Beijing 100875, China 4 Department of Plant Pathology, China Agricultural University, Haidian District, Beijing 100094, China
* Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 23 November 2010 / Revised: 10 December 2010 / Accepted: 17 December 2010 / Published: 20 December 2010
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Abstract

During our screening program for agrochemicals from Chinese medicinal herbs and wild plants, the essential oil of Carum carvi fruits was found to possess strong contact toxicity against Sitophilus zeamais and Tribolium castaneum adults, with LD50 values of 3.07 and 3.29 mg/adult, respectively, and also showed strong fumigant toxicity against the two grain storage insects with LC50 values of 3.37 and 2.53 mg/L, respectively. The essential oil obtained by hydrodistillation was investigated by GC and GC-MS. The main components of the essential oil were identified to be (R)-carvone (37.98%) and D-limonene (26.55%) followed by α-pinene (5.21), cis-carveol (5.01%) and b-myrcene (4.67%). (R)-Carvone and D-limonene were separated and purified by silica gel column chromatography and preparative thin layer chromatography, and further identified by means of physicochemical and spectrometric analysis. (R)-Carvone and D-limonene showed strong contact toxicity against S. zeamais (LD50 = 2.79 and 29.86 mg/adult) and T. castaneum (LD50 = 2.64 and 20.14 mg/adult). (R)-Carvone and D-limonene also possessed strong fumigant toxicity against S. zeamais (LC50 = 2.76 and 48.18 mg/L) and T. castaneum adults (LC50 = 1.96 and 19.10 mg/L).
Keywords: Carum carvi; Sitophilus zeamais; Tribolium castaneum; fumigant; contact toxicity; essential oil; (R)-carvone; D-limonene Carum carvi; Sitophilus zeamais; Tribolium castaneum; fumigant; contact toxicity; essential oil; (R)-carvone; D-limonene
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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MDPI and ACS Style

Fang, R.; Jiang, C.H.; Wang, X.Y.; Zhang, H.M.; Liu, Z.L.; Zhou, L.; Du, S.S.; Deng, Z.W. Insecticidal Activity of Essential Oil of Carum Carvi Fruits from China and Its Main Components against Two Grain Storage Insects. Molecules 2010, 15, 9391-9402.

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