Molecules 2010, 15(1), 233-240; doi:10.3390/molecules15010233
Article

Determination of the Volatile Composition in Essential Oil of Descurainia sophia (L.) Webb ex Prantl (Flixweed) by Gas Chromatography/Mass Spectrometry (GC/MS)

1email, 1, 1, 1, 1,* email and 2email
Received: 3 December 2009; in revised form: 6 January 2010 / Accepted: 7 January 2010 / Published: 8 January 2010
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Abstract: Exhaustive hydro-distillation of Descurainia sophia (L.) Webb ex Prantl (flixweed) collected from two different locations (Cangzhou city-Sample 1 and Beijing city-Sample 2) gave in both cases yellowish colored oils in 0.31 and 0.26% yield, respectively. Detailed chemical composition of the essential oils was analyzed by GC and GC/MS, and forty and thirty-eight compounds were identified. The results indicated that the most abundant component of Sample 1were cis-β-ocimene (20.1%), menthol (11.27%), neoisomenthyl acetate (3.5%), alloaromadendrene (2.28%) and longicyclene (2.25%). Compared with the constituents of Sample 1, several chemical compounds such as 1,8-cineole, α-eudesmol, cis, trans-farnesol and β-pinene were not detected in Sample 2 although it was similarly dominated by cis-β-ocimene (17.12%), menthol (10.7%) and neoisomenthyl acetate (2.96%). Final analysis of the chemical constituents in the essential oils of the two samples showed similarity in their chemical composition, but the relative content of all shared chemical constituents in Sample 2 was lower than that in Sample 1.
Keywords: Descurainia sophia (L.) Webb ex Prantl; essential oil; GC/MS; cis-β-ocimene; menthol
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MDPI and ACS Style

Li, J.; Liu, X.; Dong, F.; Xu, J.; Zheng, Y.; Shan, W. Determination of the Volatile Composition in Essential Oil of Descurainia sophia (L.) Webb ex Prantl (Flixweed) by Gas Chromatography/Mass Spectrometry (GC/MS). Molecules 2010, 15, 233-240.

AMA Style

Li J, Liu X, Dong F, Xu J, Zheng Y, Shan W. Determination of the Volatile Composition in Essential Oil of Descurainia sophia (L.) Webb ex Prantl (Flixweed) by Gas Chromatography/Mass Spectrometry (GC/MS). Molecules. 2010; 15(1):233-240.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Li, Jing; Liu, Xingang; Dong, Fengshou; Xu, Jun; Zheng, Yongquan; Shan, Weili. 2010. "Determination of the Volatile Composition in Essential Oil of Descurainia sophia (L.) Webb ex Prantl (Flixweed) by Gas Chromatography/Mass Spectrometry (GC/MS)." Molecules 15, no. 1: 233-240.

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