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Molecules 2009, 14(5), 1808-1817; doi:10.3390/molecules14051808
Article

Antimicrobial Activity of Six Pomegranate (Punica granatum L.) Varieties and Their Relation to Some of Their Pomological and Phytonutrient Characteristics

1,* , 2
, 1
, 3
 and 4
1 Department of Food Engineering, University of Kahramanmaras Sutcu Imam, 46060, Kahramanmaras, Turkey 2 Department of Horticulture, University of Gaziosmanpasa, Tasliciftlik, 60240, Tokat, Turkey 3 Department of Biology, University of Kahramanmaras Sutcu Imam, 46060, Kahramanmaras, Turkey 4 Department of Horticulture, University of Mustafa Kemal, 31040 Antakya, Turkey
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 26 March 2009 / Revised: 29 April 2009 / Accepted: 11 May 2009 / Published: 13 May 2009
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Abstract

Arils from six pomegranate (Punica granatum L.) varieties grown in the Mediterranean region of Turkey were tested for their antimicrobial properties by the agar diffusion and minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) methods against seven bacteria: (Bacillus megaterium DSM 32, Pseudomonas aeruginosa DSM 9027, Staphylococcus aureus Cowan 1, Corynebacterium xerosis UC 9165, Escherichia coli DM, Enterococcus faecalis A10, Micrococcus luteus LA 2971), and threefungi (Kluvyeromyces marxianus A230, Rhodotorula rubra MC12, Candida albicans ATCC 1023). It has been observed that the pomegranate aril extracts had antimicrobial effect on all microorganisms, giving inhibition zones ranging in size from 13 to 26 mm. The MIC values for active pomegranate extracts ranged between 30 and >90 µg/mL. The results obtained appeared to confirm the antimicrobial potential of the Punica granatum varieties.
Keywords: antimicrobial bioactivity; anthocyanin; phenolics; pomegranate; Punica granatum L. antimicrobial bioactivity; anthocyanin; phenolics; pomegranate; Punica granatum L.
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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MDPI and ACS Style

Duman, A.D.; Ozgen, M.; Dayisoylu, K.S.; Erbil, N.; Durgac, C. Antimicrobial Activity of Six Pomegranate (Punica granatum L.) Varieties and Their Relation to Some of Their Pomological and Phytonutrient Characteristics. Molecules 2009, 14, 1808-1817.

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