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Molecules 2009, 14(3), 925-938; doi:10.3390/molecules14030925
Article

Essential Oil Composition and Internal Transcribed Spacer (ITS) Sequence Variability of Four South-Croatian Satureja Species (Lamiaceae)

1, 1, 1,* , 2 and 1
1 University of Split, Faculty of Science, Department of Biology, Teslina 12, 21000 Split, Croatia 2 University of Zagreb, Faculty of Science, Division of Biology, Department of Molecular Biology, Horvatovac 102A, Zagreb 10000, Croatia
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 4 February 2009 / Revised: 23 February 2009 / Accepted: 26 February 2009 / Published: 27 February 2009
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Abstract

The purpose of this study was to compare the essential oil profiles of four South-Croatian Satureja species, as determined by GC/FID and GC/MS, with their DNA sequences for an internal transcribed spacer (ITS1-5.8S-ITS2) of the nuclear ribosomal DNA. A phylogenetic analysis showed that S. montana and S. cuneifolia, characterized by a similar essential oil composition, rich in the monoterpene hydrocarbon carvacrol, clustered together with high and moderate bootstrap support. On the contrary, S. subspicata and S. visianii, characterized by quite unique essential oil compositions, clustered together with the moderate bootstrap support. All four Croatian Satureja species clustered in one clade, separately from Macaronesian S. hortensis,although it had essential oil composition similar to that of S. montana and S. cuneifolia. This is the first report on the comparison between the phytochemical and DNA sequence data in Satureja species and useful contribution to the better understanding of interspecies relationships in this genus.
Keywords: Satureja montana; Satureja cuneifolia; Satureja subspicata; Satureja visianii; Internal transcribed spacer (ITS); Chemotaxonomy; Molecular taxonomy Satureja montana; Satureja cuneifolia; Satureja subspicata; Satureja visianii; Internal transcribed spacer (ITS); Chemotaxonomy; Molecular taxonomy
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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Bezić, N.; Šamanić, I.; Dunkić, V.; Besendorfer, V.; Puizina, J. Essential Oil Composition and Internal Transcribed Spacer (ITS) Sequence Variability of Four South-Croatian Satureja Species (Lamiaceae). Molecules 2009, 14, 925-938.

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