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Molecules 2009, 14(11), 4370-4386; doi:10.3390/molecules14114370
Article

Characterization and Dissolution Study of Chitosan Freeze-Dried Systems for Drug Controlled Release

1 and 1,2,*
Received: 8 September 2009; in revised form: 14 October 2009 / Accepted: 28 October 2009 / Published: 30 October 2009
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Macromolecules Applied to Pharmaceutics)
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Abstract: Freeze-dried systems (L) comprising chitosan (CS) and caffeine (CAF) have been developed for oral administration. Different proportions of CS and CAF have been used in the preparation of the systems. Hot stage microscopy (HSM), differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) and X-ray diffraction powder have been used to characterize the systems prepared. X-ray diffraction patterns showed that there were no interactions between CAF and CS molecules within the freeze-dried systems and the crystallinity of CAF was decreased. Swelling and dissolution tests were carried out in two different media (demineralized water and pH progressive medium) in order to establish their influence over CAF/CS system behaviour. Characteristic swelling behaviour of freeze-dried CS systems (imbibition and dissolution processes) was influenced by the proportions of CS and CAF in the formulations, and by the nature of the medium due to the pH-dependent solubility of CS. Release of CAF from lyophilized systems was conditioned by the swelling process and it should be possible to obtain a CAF/CS binary system with a specific time for total drug release including concrete proportions of both components. Furthermore, the freeze-drying process allowed us to obtain feasible systems for controlled release of CAF until the total amount of drug was released.
Keywords: caffeine; chitosan; freeze-dried systems; swelling and dissolution behaviour; controlled release caffeine; chitosan; freeze-dried systems; swelling and dissolution behaviour; controlled release
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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MDPI and ACS Style

Ruiz-Caro, R.; Veiga-Ochoa, M.D. Characterization and Dissolution Study of Chitosan Freeze-Dried Systems for Drug Controlled Release. Molecules 2009, 14, 4370-4386.

AMA Style

Ruiz-Caro R, Veiga-Ochoa MD. Characterization and Dissolution Study of Chitosan Freeze-Dried Systems for Drug Controlled Release. Molecules. 2009; 14(11):4370-4386.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Ruiz-Caro, Roberto; Veiga-Ochoa, María Dolores. 2009. "Characterization and Dissolution Study of Chitosan Freeze-Dried Systems for Drug Controlled Release." Molecules 14, no. 11: 4370-4386.


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