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Molecules 2007, 12(8), 1950-1963; doi:10.3390/12081950
Article

Antioxidant Capacity and In Vitro Prevention of Dental Plaque Formation by Extracts and Condensed Tannins of Paullinia cupana

1, 2, 2, 3, 1, 1, 1 and 1,*
Received: 28 May 2007; in revised form: 1 August 2007 / Accepted: 1 August 2007 / Published: 20 August 2007
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Phenolics and Polyphenolics)
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Abstract: Chemical evaluation of the semi-purified fraction from the seeds of guaraná, Paullinia cupana H.B.K. var. sorbilis (Mart.) Ducke, yielded the following compounds: caffeine, catechin, epicatechin, ent-epicatechin, and procyanidins B1, B2, B3, B4, A2, and C1. Measurement of the antioxidant activity by reduction of the DPPH radical confirmed the anti-radical properties of the aqueous (AqE) and crude (EBPC) extracts and semi-purified (EPA and EPB) fractions. The EPA fraction showed radical-scavenging activity (RSA) and protected DPPH from discoloration at 5.23±0.08 (RSD%=1.49) μg/mL, and for the phosphomolybdenum complex showed a higher Relative Antioxidant Capacity (RAC) at 0.75±0.01 (1.75). The EPA fraction had a total polyphenolics content of 65.80%±0.62 (RSD%=0.93). The plant drug showed 5.47% ± 0.19 (RSD%=3.51) and 6.19% ± 0.08 (RSD%=1.29) for total polyphenolics and methylxanthines, respectively. In vitro assessment of the antibacterial potential of the Paullinia cupana extracts against Streptococcus mutans showed that these could be used in the prevention of bacterial dental plaque.
Keywords: Paullinia cupana; methylxanthines; condensed tannins; antioxidant capacity; prevention of the formation of dental plaque. Paullinia cupana; methylxanthines; condensed tannins; antioxidant capacity; prevention of the formation of dental plaque.
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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MDPI and ACS Style

Yamaguti-Sasaki, E.; Ito, L.A.; Canteli, V.C.D.; Ushirobira, T.M.A.; Ueda-Nakamura, T.; Filho, B.P.D.; Nakamura, C.V.; Palazzo de Mello, J.C. Antioxidant Capacity and In Vitro Prevention of Dental Plaque Formation by Extracts and Condensed Tannins of Paullinia cupana. Molecules 2007, 12, 1950-1963.

AMA Style

Yamaguti-Sasaki E, Ito LA, Canteli VCD, Ushirobira TMA, Ueda-Nakamura T, Filho BPD, Nakamura CV, Palazzo de Mello JC. Antioxidant Capacity and In Vitro Prevention of Dental Plaque Formation by Extracts and Condensed Tannins of Paullinia cupana. Molecules. 2007; 12(8):1950-1963.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Yamaguti-Sasaki, Elza; Ito, Lia A.; Canteli, Vanessa C.D.; Ushirobira, Tânia M.A.; Ueda-Nakamura, Tânia; Filho, Benedito P.D.; Nakamura, Celso V.; Palazzo de Mello, João C. 2007. "Antioxidant Capacity and In Vitro Prevention of Dental Plaque Formation by Extracts and Condensed Tannins of Paullinia cupana." Molecules 12, no. 8: 1950-1963.


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