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Molecules 2005, 10(6), 587-619; doi:10.3390/10060587

Enantioselective Hydrogenations with Chiral Titanocenes

,  and *
Department of Chemical and Biochemical Engineering, Rutgers University, USA
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 20 July 2004 / Accepted: 8 October 2004 / Published: 14 July 2005
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Synthesis and Chemistry of Chiral Metallocenes)


In this review article chiral titanocenes and their application for the enantioselective hydrogenations of different unsaturated compounds are discussed, with a special emphasis on the kinetics and the practicality of the developed systems. The nature of enantioselectivity and the hydrogenation mechanisms are reviewed as well. Catalyst immobilization and the different immobilization techniques are examined.
Keywords: Titanocenes; hydrogenation; alkenes; imines; ketones. Titanocenes; hydrogenation; alkenes; imines; ketones.
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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Vassylyev, O.; Panarello, A.; Khinast, J. Enantioselective Hydrogenations with Chiral Titanocenes. Molecules 2005, 10, 587-619.

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