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Entropy 2014, 16(7), 3903-3938; doi:10.3390/e16073903
Review

Panel I: Connecting 2nd Law Analysis with Economics, Ecology and Energy Policy

1,*  and 2
1 Department of Mechanical Engineering, Marquette University, Milwaukee, WI 53201-1881, USA 2 Department of Engineering and Architecture, University of Trieste—"Polo di Pordenone", Pordenone 33170, Italy
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 11 February 2014 / Revised: 4 June 2014 / Accepted: 10 June 2014 / Published: 16 July 2014
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Abstract

The present paper is a review of several papers from the Proceedings of the Joint European Thermodynamics Conference, held in Brescia, Italy, 1–5 July 2013, namely papers introduced by their authors at Panel I of the conference. Panel I was devoted to applications of the Second Law of Thermodynamics to social issues—economics, ecology, sustainability, and energy policy. The concept called Available Energy which goes back to mid-nineteenth century work of Kelvin, Rankine, Maxwell and Gibbs, is relevant to all of the papers. Various names have been applied to the concept when interactions between the system of interest and an environment are involved. Today, the name exergy is generally accepted. The scope of the papers being reviewed is wide and they complement one another well.
Keywords: available energy; exergy; entropy; 2nd Law Analysis; resource utilization; sustainability; ecological impact; emergy; cost accounting available energy; exergy; entropy; 2nd Law Analysis; resource utilization; sustainability; ecological impact; emergy; cost accounting
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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Gaggioli, R.; Reini, M. Panel I: Connecting 2nd Law Analysis with Economics, Ecology and Energy Policy. Entropy 2014, 16, 3903-3938.

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