On Equivalence of Nonequilibrium Thermodynamic and Statistical Entropies
AbstractWe review the concept of nonequilibrium thermodynamic entropy and observables and internal variables as state variables, introduced recently by us, and provide a simple first principle derivation of additive statistical entropy, applicable to all nonequilibrium states by treating thermodynamics as an experimental science. We establish their numerical equivalence in several cases, which includes the most important case when the thermodynamic entropy is a state function. We discuss various interesting aspects of the two entropies and show that the number of microstates in the Boltzmann entropy includes all possible microstates of non-zero probabilities even if the system is trapped in a disjoint component of the microstate space. We show that negative thermodynamic entropy can appear from nonnegative statistical entropy. View Full-Text
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Gujrati, P.D. On Equivalence of Nonequilibrium Thermodynamic and Statistical Entropies. Entropy 2015, 17, 710-754.
Gujrati PD. On Equivalence of Nonequilibrium Thermodynamic and Statistical Entropies. Entropy. 2015; 17(2):710-754.Chicago/Turabian Style
Gujrati, Purushottam D. 2015. "On Equivalence of Nonequilibrium Thermodynamic and Statistical Entropies." Entropy 17, no. 2: 710-754.