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Entropy 2014, 16(5), 2592-2610; doi:10.3390/e16052592
Article

Guided Self-Organization in a Dynamic Embodied System Based on Attractor Selection Mechanism

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Received: 10 February 2014; in revised form: 17 April 2014 / Accepted: 22 April 2014 / Published: 13 May 2014
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Entropy Methods in Guided Self-Organization)
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Abstract: Guided self-organization can be regarded as a paradigm proposed to understand how to guide a self-organizing system towards desirable behaviors, while maintaining its non-deterministic dynamics with emergent features. It is, however, not a trivial problem to guide the self-organizing behavior of physically embodied systems like robots, as the behavioral dynamics are results of interactions among their controller, mechanical dynamics of the body, and the environment. This paper presents a guided self-organization approach for dynamic robots based on a coupling between the system mechanical dynamics with an internal control structure known as the attractor selection mechanism. The mechanism enables the robot to gracefully shift between random and deterministic behaviors, represented by a number of attractors, depending on internally generated stochastic perturbation and sensory input. The robot used in this paper is a simulated curved beam hopping robot: a system with a variety of mechanical dynamics which depends on its actuation frequencies. Despite the simplicity of the approach, it will be shown how the approach regulates the probability of the robot to reach a goal through the interplay among the sensory input, the level of inherent stochastic perturbation, i.e., noise, and the mechanical dynamics.
Keywords: guided self-organization; embodied system; attractor selection mechanism; mechanical dynamics; stochastic perturbation; sensory input; goal directed locomotion; curved beam hopping robot guided self-organization; embodied system; attractor selection mechanism; mechanical dynamics; stochastic perturbation; sensory input; goal directed locomotion; curved beam hopping robot
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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MDPI and ACS Style

Nurzaman, S.G.; Yu, X.; Kim, Y.; Iida, F. Guided Self-Organization in a Dynamic Embodied System Based on Attractor Selection Mechanism. Entropy 2014, 16, 2592-2610.

AMA Style

Nurzaman SG, Yu X, Kim Y, Iida F. Guided Self-Organization in a Dynamic Embodied System Based on Attractor Selection Mechanism. Entropy. 2014; 16(5):2592-2610.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Nurzaman, Surya G.; Yu, Xiaoxiang; Kim, Yongjae; Iida, Fumiya. 2014. "Guided Self-Organization in a Dynamic Embodied System Based on Attractor Selection Mechanism." Entropy 16, no. 5: 2592-2610.


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