Entropy 2013, 15(4), 1171-1185; doi:10.3390/e15041171
Article

Evaluation of a Low-Carbon City: Method and Application

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Received: 24 January 2013; in revised form: 16 March 2013 / Accepted: 26 March 2013 / Published: 27 March 2013
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Entropy and Urban Sprawl)
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Abstract: Many cities around the World have established the development objective of becoming a low-carbon city. Evaluation of such a city is important for its progress. A new evaluation framework of urban low-carbon development level is proposed in this paper, which integrates synthetic evaluation based on a bottom-up idea and analytical diagnosis based on a top-down idea. Further, set pair analysis is combined for synthetic evaluation and analytical diagnosis by comparing urban low-carbon development levels of different cities, through which the comprehensive state of urban low-carbon development level can be obtained and limiting factors identified. Based on the proposed framework and set pair analysis, low-carbon development levels of 12 Chinese cities are compared. Some suggestions are provided, based on results of overall situations of urban low-carbon development level and concrete performances of various factors and specific indicators. We conclude that both synthetic evaluation and analytical diagnosis are important for evaluation of urban low-carbon development level. The proposed framework and method can be widely applied in the evaluation of different cities over a long-term period.
Keywords: low-carbon city; evaluation framework; synthetic evaluation; analytical diagnosis; set pair analysis
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MDPI and ACS Style

Su, M.; Li, R.; Lu, W.; Chen, C.; Chen, B.; Yang, Z. Evaluation of a Low-Carbon City: Method and Application. Entropy 2013, 15, 1171-1185.

AMA Style

Su M, Li R, Lu W, Chen C, Chen B, Yang Z. Evaluation of a Low-Carbon City: Method and Application. Entropy. 2013; 15(4):1171-1185.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Su, Meirong; Li, Ronghua; Lu, Weiwei; Chen, Chen; Chen, Bin; Yang, Zhifeng. 2013. "Evaluation of a Low-Carbon City: Method and Application." Entropy 15, no. 4: 1171-1185.

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