Entropy 2012, 14(8), 1539-1552; doi:10.3390/e14081539
Article

Optimization of Two-Stage Peltier Modules: Structure and Exergetic Efficiency

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Received: 27 June 2012; in revised form: 4 August 2012 / Accepted: 16 August 2012 / Published: 21 August 2012
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Exergy: Analysis and Applications)
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Abstract: In this paper we undertake the theoretical analysis of a two-stage semiconductor thermoelectric module (TEM) which contains an arbitrary and different number of thermocouples, n1 and n2, in each stage (pyramid-styled TEM). The analysis is based on a dimensionless entropy balance set of equations. We study the effects of n1 and n2, the flowing electric currents through each stage, the applied temperatures and the thermoelectric properties of the semiconductor materials on the exergetic efficiency. Our main result implies that the electric currents flowing in each stage must necessarily be different with a ratio about 4.3 if the best thermal performance and the highest temperature difference possible between the cold and hot side of the device are pursued. This fact had not been pointed out before for pyramid-styled two stage TEM. The ratio n1/n2 should be about 8.
Keywords: exergy; efficiency; Peltier
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MDPI and ACS Style

Olivares-Robles, M.A.; Vazquez, F.; Ramirez-Lopez, C. Optimization of Two-Stage Peltier Modules: Structure and Exergetic Efficiency. Entropy 2012, 14, 1539-1552.

AMA Style

Olivares-Robles MA, Vazquez F, Ramirez-Lopez C. Optimization of Two-Stage Peltier Modules: Structure and Exergetic Efficiency. Entropy. 2012; 14(8):1539-1552.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Olivares-Robles, Miguel Angel; Vazquez, Federico; Ramirez-Lopez, Cesar. 2012. "Optimization of Two-Stage Peltier Modules: Structure and Exergetic Efficiency." Entropy 14, no. 8: 1539-1552.


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