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Entropy 2009, 11(4), 675-687; doi:10.3390/e11040675
Article

The Maximum Entropy Rate Description of a Thermodynamic System in a Stationary Non-Equilibrium State

Department of Pure and Applied Mathematics, University of Padova, via Trieste 63 – 35121, Padova, Italy
Received: 14 September 2009 / Accepted: 27 October 2009 / Published: 29 October 2009
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Maximum Entropy)
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Abstract

In this paper we present a simple model to describe a rather general system in a stationary non-equilibrium state, which is an open system traversed by a stationary flux. The probabilistic description is provided by a non-homogeneous Markov chain, which is not assumed on the basis of a model of the microscopic interactions but rather derived from the knowledge of the macroscopic fluxes traversing the system through a maximum entropy rate principle.
Keywords: Markov chain; asymptotic equipartition property; entropy rate; entropy production; information divergence Markov chain; asymptotic equipartition property; entropy rate; entropy production; information divergence
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0).
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Favretti, M. The Maximum Entropy Rate Description of a Thermodynamic System in a Stationary Non-Equilibrium State. Entropy 2009, 11, 675-687.

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