Flash Memory Devices

Edited by
February 2022
144 pages
  • ISBN978-3-0365-3012-3 (Hardback)
  • ISBN978-3-0365-3013-0 (PDF)

This book is a reprint of the Special Issue Flash Memory Devices that was published in

Chemistry & Materials Science
Physical Sciences

Flash memory devices have represented a breakthrough in storage since their inception in the mid-1980s, and innovation is still ongoing. The peculiarity of such technology is an inherent flexibility in terms of performance and integration density according to the architecture devised for integration. The NOR Flash technology is still the workhorse of many code storage applications in the embedded world, ranging from microcontrollers for automotive environment to IoT smart devices. Their usage is also forecasted to be fundamental in emerging AI edge scenario. On the contrary, when massive data storage is required, NAND Flash memories are necessary to have in a system. You can find NAND Flash in USB sticks, cards, but most of all in Solid-State Drives (SSDs). Since SSDs are extremely demanding in terms of storage capacity, they fueled a new wave of innovation, namely the 3D architecture. Today “3D” means that multiple layers of memory cells are manufactured within the same piece of silicon, easily reaching a terabit capacity. So far, Flash architectures have always been based on "floating gate," where the information is stored by injecting electrons in a piece of polysilicon surrounded by oxide. On the contrary, emerging concepts are based on "charge trap" cells. In summary, flash memory devices represent the largest landscape of storage devices, and we expect more advancements in the coming years. This will require a lot of innovation in process technology, materials, circuit design, flash management algorithms, Error Correction Code and, finally, system co-design for new applications such as AI and security enforcement.

  • Hardback
License and Copyright
© 2022 by the authors; CC BY-NC-ND license
retention characteristic; high-κ; nonvolatile charge-trapping memory; stack engineering; NOR flash memory; aluminum oxide; NAND flash memory; interference; Technology Computer Aided Design (TCAD) simulation; disturbance; program; non-volatile memory (NVM); 3D NAND Flash memories; random telegraph noise; Flash memory reliability; NAND flash memory; test platform; endurance; support vector machine; raw bit error; 3D NAND Flash; RBER; reliability; flash signal processing; randomization scheme; solid-state drives; 3D flash memory; performance cliff; tail latency; garbage collection; NAND flash memory; artificial neural network; error correction code; reliability; work function; effective work function; dipole; metal gate; high-k; SiO2; interfacial reaction; MHONOS; erase performance; 3D NAND flash memory; 3D NAND flash memory; temperature; endurance; read disturb; n/a