Special Issue "Health Effects of Air Pollution"
A special issue of Atmosphere (ISSN 2073-4433).
Deadline for manuscript submissions: closed (31 August 2011)
Dr. Paraskevi N. Polymenakou
Hellenic Centre for Marine Research, Gournes Pediados, P.O.Box 2214, Heraklion Crete, Greece
Air pollution includes all contaminants found in the atmosphere in the form of gases or particulates and particles of biological origin. Fuel combustion is the primary source of a large number of health-damaging air pollutants, including fine and respirable particulate matter (PM2.5 and PM10), carbon monoxide (CO), sulfur oxides (SOx), nitrogen oxides (NOx), volatile organic compounds (VOCs), ozone (O3), atmospheric toxic metals such as lead, persistent free radicals and radioactive pollutants. In addition to chemical pollution, microbial air pollutants can include viruses, bacteria, fungi and their spores, lichen fragments, protists, spores and fragments of plants, pollen, small seeds and invertebrates.
Because it is located in the atmosphere, air pollution can travel over long distances affecting remote and pristine areas. As a result, air pollution has raised special concern due to its diverse serious consequences to the health of human beings (e.g. respiratory illness) and natural ecosystems (e.g. loss of biodiversity) on a global scale. Estimations indicated that about 100,000 deaths a year could be linked to ambient chemical air pollution in cities in the WHO European Region, shortening life expectancy by an average of a year. In addition, air microbiota can also directly impact human health via pathogenesis, the exposure of sensitive individuals to cellular components (e.g. pollen and fungal allergens and lipopolysaccharide), and the development of sensitivities (i.e. asthma) through prolonged exposure.
This special issue in Atmosphere is dedicated to cover a broad range of topics related to human and ecosystem health effects of outdoor air pollution. Submitted manuscripts must provide information on the risk assessment of potential health effects (including public and ecosystem health issues) that may occur from different types of pollutants exposure, the adverse health effects of transport-related air pollution (e.g. in mega cities), epidemiological studies. Studies that provide information on the implications of chemical (e.g. metals, pesticides, etc.) and biological (e.g. microorganisms, spores) pollutant transportation (e.g. with dust events) to large cities and downwind ecosystems are especially welcomed. Literature review papers in the relevant fields are also welcomed.
Dr. Paraskevi N. Polymenakou
- outdoor air pollution
- microbial air pollutants
- public health effects
- ecosystem health effects
- pollutants transportation
- mega cities
- epediomological studies
- respiratory illness
- biodiversity loss
- literature review