Next Article in Journal
Application of Bio-Based Wrinkled Surfaces as Cell Culture Scaffolds
Previous Article in Journal
Effects of Short-Chain n-Alcohols on the Properties of Asphaltenes at Toluene/Air and Toluene/Water Interfaces
Article Menu

Export Article

Open AccessArticle
Colloids Interfaces 2018, 2(2), 14; doi:10.3390/colloids2020014

Fabrication of Silica Microspheres (HB/A@SI-MNS) for Hafnium and Zirconium Recovery from Zirconyl Leach Liquor

1
Nuclear Materials Authority, P.O. Box 530, El Maadi, Cairo 11936, Egypt
2
Chemistry Department, Faculty of Science, Damanhur University, Damanhur 22511, Egypt
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 17 February 2018 / Revised: 19 March 2018 / Accepted: 21 March 2018 / Published: 24 March 2018
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [19306 KB, uploaded 26 March 2018]   |  

Abstract

This work describes the synthesis of silica microspheres using sodium silicate obtained as a byproduct in the production of Egyptian Rosetta zircon concentrate. The obtained mesoporous silica microspheres were further modified with aminopropyltriethoxy silane and 2,4-Dihydroxybenzaldehyde to produce Schiff’s base silica sorbent (HB/A@Si-MNS). HB/A@Si-MNS was used for the selective extraction of hafnium from zircon mineral leach liqueur. The fabrication process and surface properties of HB/A@Si-MNS were confirmed by the means of X-ray Fluorescence (XRF), scanning electron microscop (SEM), energy depressive X-ray (EDX), Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR), and elemental analysis. The uptake behavior of HB/A@Si-MNS towards Zr(IV) and Hf(IV) ions were studied under different experimental conditions. Adsorption curves indicate that the uptake of Zr(IV) and Hf(IV) on HB/A@Si-MNS is a spontaneous, endothermic monolayer system controlled by intraparticle diffusion. Elution efficiencies were found to be 94% and 98% for Zr(IV) and Hf(IV), respectively. The regenerated HB/A@SI-MNS showed uptake capacity comparable to that of fresh ones over 3 cycles. The results of the extraction of Hf(IV) than Zr(IV) from Rosetta zircon concentrate show that HB/A@SI-MNS has a preferential selectivity towards Hf(IV) than Zr(IV). Therefore, the studied material may be promising for the selective separation of Hf(IV) from Zr(IV). View Full-Text
Keywords: silica; kinetics; zirconium; hafnium; extraction silica; kinetics; zirconium; hafnium; extraction
Figures

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Abd El-Magied, M.O.; Salem, W.M.; Daher, A.A.; Elshehy, E.A. Fabrication of Silica Microspheres (HB/A@SI-MNS) for Hafnium and Zirconium Recovery from Zirconyl Leach Liquor. Colloids Interfaces 2018, 2, 14.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics

1

Comments

[Return to top]
Colloids Interfaces EISSN 2504-5377 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top