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Colloids Interfaces 2018, 2(1), 11; doi:10.3390/colloids2010011

Flexibility and Hydration of Amphiphilic Hyperbranched Arabinogalactan-Protein from Plant Exudate: A Volumetric Perspective

1
UMR IATE, UM-INRA-CIRAD-Montpellier Supagro, 2 Place Pierre Viala, F-34060 Montpellier Cedex, France
2
UMR SPO, INRA-UM, 2 Place Pierre Viala, F-34060 Montpellier Cedex, France
3
UR1268 Biopolymères Interactions Assemblages, INRA, F-44300 Nantes, France
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 2 February 2018 / Revised: 12 March 2018 / Accepted: 13 March 2018 / Published: 15 March 2018
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Abstract

Plant Acacia gum exudates are composed by glycosylated hydroxyproline-rich proteins, which have a high proportion of heavily branched neutral and charged sugars in the polysaccharide moiety. These hyperbranched arabinogalactan-proteins (AGP) display a complexity arising from its composition, architecture, and conformation, but also from its polydispersity and capacity to form supramolecular assemblies. Flexibility and hydration partly determined colloidal and interfacial properties of AGPs. In the present article, these parameters were estimated based on measurements of density and sound velocity and the determination of volumetric parameters, e.g., partial specific volume (vs°) and coefficient of partial specific adiabatic compressibility coefficient (βs°). Measurements were done with Acacia senegal, Acacia seyal, and fractions from the former separated according to their hydrophobicity by Hydrophobic Interaction Chromatography, i.e., HIC-F1, HIC-F2, and HIC-F3. Both gums presented close values of vs° and βs°. However, data on fractions suggested a less hydrated and more flexible structure of HIC-F3, in contrast to a less flexible and more hydrated structure of HIC-F2, and especially HIC-F1. The differences between the macromolecular fractions of A. senegal are significantly related to the fraction composition, protein/polysaccharide ratio, and type of amino acids and sugars, with a polysaccharide moiety mainly contributing to the global hydrophilicity and a protein part mainly contributing to the global hydrophobicity. These properties form the basis of hydration ability and flexibility of hyperbranched AGP from Acacia gums. View Full-Text
Keywords: acacia gum; partial specific volume; adiabatic compressibility; hydration; flexibility acacia gum; partial specific volume; adiabatic compressibility; hydration; flexibility
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Mejia Tamayo, V.; Nigen, M.; Apolinar-Valiente, R.; Doco, T.; Williams, P.; Renard, D.; Sanchez, C. Flexibility and Hydration of Amphiphilic Hyperbranched Arabinogalactan-Protein from Plant Exudate: A Volumetric Perspective. Colloids Interfaces 2018, 2, 11.

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