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Colloids Interfaces 2018, 2(1), 10; https://doi.org/10.3390/colloids2010010

Evaluation of Cyclodextrins as Environmentally Friendly Wettability Modifiers for Enhanced Oil Recovery

1
Centro de Engenharia, Modelagem e Ciências Sociais Aplicadas, Universidade Federal do ABC, Santo André 09210-580, Brazil
2
Instituto de Física, Universidade de São Paulo, São Paulo 05508-090, Brazil
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 4 February 2018 / Revised: 26 February 2018 / Accepted: 1 March 2018 / Published: 6 March 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Colloids and Interfaces in Oil Recovery)
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Abstract

In the present work, the use of Cyclodextrins (CDs) as wettability modifiers for enhanced oil recovery (EOR) was evaluated. Cyclodextrins (CDs) are cyclic oligosaccharides that form inclusion complexes with various organic molecules, including n-alkanes. Wettability was evaluated through the contact angle (θ) of an n-dodecane drop in contact with a quartz surface and immersed in a 0.6 M NaCl aqueous solution containing the CDs. The quartz surface was functionalized with octadecyltrichlorosilane (OTS), rendering the surface oil-wet (C18-quartz). Here, the n-dodecane, the saline solution and the C18-quartz represent the oil, the reservoir brine and an oil-wet rock surface, respectively. In the absence of CDs, the n-dodecane drops spread well over the C18-quartz, showing that the surface was oleophilic. In the presence of CDs, remarkable effects on the wettability were observed. The most dramatic effects were observed with α-cyclodextrin (α-CD), in which case the C18-quartz surface changed from oil-wet (θ = 162°) in the absence of CD to water-wet (θ = 33°) in the presence of 1.5% (w/v) α-CD. The effects of the CDs can be explained by the formation of surface-active inclusion complexes between the CDs and n-dodecane molecules. The CD inclusion complexes can be regarded as pseudo-surfactants, which are less harmful to the environment than the traditional surfactants employed by the petroleum industry. View Full-Text
Keywords: cyclodextrins; inclusion complexes; enhanced oil recovery; contact angles; wettability; Pickering emulsions cyclodextrins; inclusion complexes; enhanced oil recovery; contact angles; wettability; Pickering emulsions
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da Cruz, A.F.T.; Sanches, R.D.; Miranda, C.R.; Brochsztain, S. Evaluation of Cyclodextrins as Environmentally Friendly Wettability Modifiers for Enhanced Oil Recovery. Colloids Interfaces 2018, 2, 10.

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