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J. Compos. Sci. 2018, 2(2), 34; https://doi.org/10.3390/jcs2020034

Mechanical Properties and Wear Behavior of a Novel Composite of Acrylonitrile–Butadiene–Styrene Strengthened by Short Basalt Fiber

1
Mechanical Engineering Department, Faculty of Engineering, South Valley University, Qena 83523, Egypt
2
Mechanical Engineering Department, College of Engineering and Islamic Architecture, Umm Al-Qura University, Makkah 21421, KSA
3
Faculty of Engineering, Aswan University, Aswan 81542, Egypt
4
Chemicals and Petrochemicals Engineering Department, Egypt-Japan University of Science and Technology, New Borg El-Arab City, Alexandria 21934, Egypt
5
Mechanical Design and Production Engineering Department, Faculty of Engineering, Zagazig University, Zagazig 44519, Egypt
6
Department of Mechanical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Kafr El-sheikh University, Kafr El-sheikh 33516, Egypt
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 12 May 2018 / Revised: 27 May 2018 / Accepted: 4 June 2018 / Published: 7 June 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Discontinuous Fiber Composites)
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Abstract

Polymer matrix composites (PMC) have a competitive and dominant role in a lot of industries, like aerospace and automobiles. Short basalt fiber (SBF) is used to strengthen acrylonitrile–butadiene–styrene (ABS) polymers as a composite. The composite material is fabricated using injection molding with a new technique to obtain a uniform distribution for the ABS matrix at an elevated temperature range from 140 °C to 240 °C. Four types of specimen were produced according to the mechanically mixed amounts of SBF, which were (5, 10, 15, 20) wt %. The produced material was tested for tension, hardness and impact to measure the enhancement of the mechanical properties of the ABS only and the ABS reinforced by SBF composite. Wear tests were carried out using a pin on disc at a velocity of 57.5 m/s at three normal loads of 5, 10 and 15 kN. Tensile strength increased with up to 5 wt % of SBF, then decreased with an increasing amount of SBF reinforcement, while surface hardness increased with increasing SBF. The impact strength was found to degrade with the whole increment of SBF. Wear resistance increased with the increasing SBF reinforcement amount at all applied normal loads. View Full-Text
Keywords: acrylonitrile–butadiene–styrene (ABS); short basalt fiber (SBF); wear resistance; hardness; impact energy acrylonitrile–butadiene–styrene (ABS); short basalt fiber (SBF); wear resistance; hardness; impact energy
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).
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Abdellah, M.Y.; Fathi, H.I.; Abdelhaleem, A.M.M.; Dewidar, M. Mechanical Properties and Wear Behavior of a Novel Composite of Acrylonitrile–Butadiene–Styrene Strengthened by Short Basalt Fiber. J. Compos. Sci. 2018, 2, 34.

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J. Compos. Sci. EISSN 2504-477X Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
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