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J. Compos. Sci. 2018, 2(1), 4; https://doi.org/10.3390/jcs2010004

Polylactic Acid (PLA)/Cellulose Nanowhiskers (CNWs) Composite Nanofibers: Microstructural and Properties Analysis

1
Non-Equilibrium Metallic Materials Division, Institute of Metal Research (IMR), Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS), Shenyang 110016, China
2
Shenyang Kejin Special Materials Co., Ltd., Institute of Metal Research (IMR), Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS), Shenyang 110101, China
3
Department of Mechanical Engineering, School of Civil and Mechanical Engineering, Curtin University, Perth 6845, Australia
4
Titanium Alloys Division, Institute of Metal Research (IMR), Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS), Shenyang 110016, China
5
Instruments’ Center for Physical Science, University of Science & Technology of China, Hefei 230026, China
6
SMIT Center, School of Mechatronic Engineering and Automation, Shanghai University, Shanghai 200072, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 9 January 2018 / Revised: 23 January 2018 / Accepted: 29 January 2018 / Published: 30 January 2018
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Abstract

Polylactic acid (PLA)/cellulose nanowhiskers (CNWs) composite nanofibers were successfully produced by electrospinning mixed PLA solutions with CNWs. Observation by means of transmission electron microscopy (TEM) confirms the uniform distribution of CNWs within the PLA nanofibers along the direction of the fiber axis. The spectra of composite nanofibers based on Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) reveal characteristic hydroxyl groups as evidenced by absorption peaks of CNWs. The addition of hydrophilic CNWs is proven to improve the water absorption ability of PLA nanofibers. The initial cold crystallization temperature decreases with the increasing CNW content, implying the nucleating agent role of CNWs as effective nanofillers. The degree of crystallinity increases from 6.0% for as-electrospun pure PLA nanofibers to 14.1% and 21.6% for PLA/5CNWs and PLA/10CNWs composite nanofibers, respectively. The incorporation of CNWs into PLA is expected to offer novel functionalities to electrospun composite nanofibers in the fields of tissue engineering and membranes. View Full-Text
Keywords: biopolymers and renewable polymers; crystallization; hydrophilic polymers; electrospinning; nanoparticles; nanowires and nanocrystals biopolymers and renewable polymers; crystallization; hydrophilic polymers; electrospinning; nanoparticles; nanowires and nanocrystals
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Liu, W.; Dong, Y.; Liu, D.; Bai, Y.; Lu, X. Polylactic Acid (PLA)/Cellulose Nanowhiskers (CNWs) Composite Nanofibers: Microstructural and Properties Analysis. J. Compos. Sci. 2018, 2, 4.

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