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Proceedings, Volume 1, SP 2017

Sustainable Places 2017 (SP2017) Conference

Middlesbrough, UK | 28–30 June 2017

Issue Editor: Zia Lennard


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Cover Story (view full-size image) The 5th annual Sustainable Places international conference on Energy Efficient Buildings (EeB) and [...] Read more.
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Research

Open AccessProceedings Reducing Energy Performance Gap in Buildings—Built2Spec Project Solution
Proceedings 2017, 1(7), 640; https://doi.org/10.3390/proceedings1070640
Published: 25 October 2017
PDF Full-text (500 KB)
Abstract
Built to Specifications (B2S) is a Horizon 2020 EU-funded project involving 20 European partners that seeks to reduce the gap between a building designed and as-built energy performance. To do this, the project will put a new set of breakthrough technological advances for
[...] Read more.
Built to Specifications (B2S) is a Horizon 2020 EU-funded project involving 20 European partners that seeks to reduce the gap between a building designed and as-built energy performance. To do this, the project will put a new set of breakthrough technological advances for self-inspection checks and quality assurance measures into the hands of construction professionals. This collection of smart tools will help building stakeholders at all levels in meeting EU energy efficiency targets. Full article
Open AccessProceedings Long Term Energy Transition Scenario Analysis for the City of Donostia
Proceedings 2017, 1(7), 644; https://doi.org/10.3390/proceedings1070644
Published: 18 January 2018
PDF Full-text (461 KB)
Abstract
The direction adopted for the energy transitions towards a low carbon future will have long lasting implications in other aspects beyond the Climate Change. However, cities are becoming increasingly complex and a detailed knowledge is required for a long-term energy planning, which is
[...] Read more.
The direction adopted for the energy transitions towards a low carbon future will have long lasting implications in other aspects beyond the Climate Change. However, cities are becoming increasingly complex and a detailed knowledge is required for a long-term energy planning, which is frequently not available in city decision making processes. This paper describes a multi-criteria ex-ante impact assessment methodology developed for the building sector energy planning, which combines energy modelling and life cycle analysis with the regional macroeconomic analysis through the supply chain evaluation. The methodology is applied to the city of Donostia, demonstrating the importance of simultaneously considering various potentially conflicting criteria for the prioritization of scenarios. Full article
Open AccessProceedings Pre-Market Analysis and Social Acceptance Feasibility Study for Innovative Wastewater Systems—INNOQUA Project
Proceedings 2017, 1(7), 646; https://doi.org/10.3390/proceedings1070646
Published: 26 October 2017
PDF Full-text (340 KB)
Abstract
INNOQUA is a Horizon 2020 EU-funded project involving 20 partners that seeks to demonstrate in real conditions a modular system for water treatment based on the purifying capacity of biological microorganisms (earthworms, zooplankton and microalgae). The configuration of the system will be adjusted
[...] Read more.
INNOQUA is a Horizon 2020 EU-funded project involving 20 partners that seeks to demonstrate in real conditions a modular system for water treatment based on the purifying capacity of biological microorganisms (earthworms, zooplankton and microalgae). The configuration of the system will be adjusted according to the targeted markets in order to answer the most possible market needs. The final objective of the project is to provide an ecological water sanitation system for rural areas and communities, for industries with specific characteristics (such as agriculture and aquaculture), for sustainable home-builders or collective housing owners and for developing countries worldwide. Full article
Open AccessProceedings 4RinEU: Robust and Reliable Technology Concepts and Business Models for Triggering Deep Renovation of Residential Buildings in EU
Proceedings 2017, 1(7), 661; https://doi.org/10.3390/proceedings1070661
Published: 27 October 2017
PDF Full-text (494 KB)
Abstract
Only 1.2% of the EU building stock is renovated every year, and the rate is even lower in case of deep renovation (i.e., savings exceed 60% compared to pre-renovation levels), since such interventions are often too expensive. To answer these challenges, 4RinEU will
[...] Read more.
Only 1.2% of the EU building stock is renovated every year, and the rate is even lower in case of deep renovation (i.e., savings exceed 60% compared to pre-renovation levels), since such interventions are often too expensive. To answer these challenges, 4RinEU will define robust, cost-effective, tailorable deep renovation technology packages supported by usable methodologies, feeding into reliable business models. The project will manage different stages of the deep renovation process, from the preliminary audit up to the component end-of-life, and will provide information on energy, comfort, users’ impact, and investment performance. The 4RinEU deep renovation strategy is based on 3 pillars: (i) technologies, to decrease net primary energy use (60 to 70% compared to pre-renovation), ant to reduce the life cycle costs over 30 years (15% compared to a typical renovation); (ii) methodologies to support the design and implementation of the technologies; (iii) business models to enhance the level of confidence of deep renovation investors. Full article
Open AccessProceedings People-Centred Approach for ICT Tools Supporting Energy Efficient and Healthy Behaviour in Buildings
Proceedings 2017, 1(7), 675; https://doi.org/10.3390/proceedings1070675
Published: 15 January 2018
PDF Full-text (274 KB)
Abstract
This paper attempts to alter a prevailing assumption that buildings use energy to an understanding that in fact, people use energy. Therefore, to successfully accelerate the transition to a low-carbon society and economy more emphasis should be on motivating people and increasing their
[...] Read more.
This paper attempts to alter a prevailing assumption that buildings use energy to an understanding that in fact, people use energy. Therefore, to successfully accelerate the transition to a low-carbon society and economy more emphasis should be on motivating people and increasing their awareness leading to an energy efficient building use. In this context, this paper provides insights from the Horizon 2020 MOBISTYLE project. The aim of the MOBISTYLE project is to motivate behavioural change by raising consumer awareness through a provision of attractive personalized information on user’s energy use, indoor environment and health, through information and communication technology (ICT) based services. The most relevant motivational factors and key performance indicators (KPIs) for encouraging a more energy conscious and healthy lifestyle were defined by means of a people-centred approach, adopting anthropological inquiries in different settings located in different European Union (EU) countries. Behaviour change is achieved through awareness campaigns, which encourage users to be pro-active about their energy consumption and to simultaneously improve health and well-being. Full article
Open AccessProceedings Unlocking European Grid Local Flexibility Through Augmented Energy Conversion Capabilities at District Level
Proceedings 2017, 1(7), 684; https://doi.org/10.3390/proceedings1070684
Published: 27 October 2017
PDF Full-text (519 KB)
Abstract
Pentagon is research and innovation project that investigate the potential of wider deployment of energy conversion technologies and strategies at district-level, with the aim to foster flexibility in the low-voltage and medium-voltage grid. Multi-vector smart districts can be the key enablers of future
[...] Read more.
Pentagon is research and innovation project that investigate the potential of wider deployment of energy conversion technologies and strategies at district-level, with the aim to foster flexibility in the low-voltage and medium-voltage grid. Multi-vector smart districts can be the key enablers of future smart grids, provided their flexibility capabilities are augmented with adequate energy conversion technologies. Object of the research are two key technologies: a highly efficient power-to-gas installation sized for coupling with typical district heating plants and a multi-vector multi-scale district energy management platform for the combined monitoring and management of all district energy carriers. Full article
Open AccessProceedings TOPAs, an IoT Driven Framework for Energy Efficiency in Buildings
Proceedings 2017, 1(7), 685; https://doi.org/10.3390/proceedings1070685
Published: 24 November 2017
PDF Full-text (736 KB)
Abstract
The energy consumption of buildings lies often far above the performance objectives of the design phase. This is due to several factors among other serious deficits in the energy operation of building services. TOPAs adopts the principle of continuous performance auditing by not
[...] Read more.
The energy consumption of buildings lies often far above the performance objectives of the design phase. This is due to several factors among other serious deficits in the energy operation of building services. TOPAs adopts the principle of continuous performance auditing by not only considering energy use but also knowledge and understanding of the buildings use and their climatic state. Thus it provides a holistic performance auditing process through supporting tools and methodologies that try to minimise the gap between predicted and actual energy use. TOPAs offers an open BMS (Building Management System) IoT driven framework. This framework is composed of core services to connect to any BMS and aggregate all the information in an open platform. Add-on services are also available to improve the understanding of buildings and reduce further the gap. Full article
Open AccessProceedings Retrofitting of a Residential District under Near Zero Energy Buildings Criteria
Proceedings 2017, 1(7), 686; https://doi.org/10.3390/proceedings1070686
Published: 8 November 2017
PDF Full-text (274 KB)
Abstract
With the aim of achieving a Near Zero Energy District, a series of interventions have been designed focusing on improving the sustainability of the FASA neighborhood in Valladolid, increasing its energy efficiency and reducing the CO2 emissions of its buildings. In order
[...] Read more.
With the aim of achieving a Near Zero Energy District, a series of interventions have been designed focusing on improving the sustainability of the FASA neighborhood in Valladolid, increasing its energy efficiency and reducing the CO2 emissions of its buildings. In order to achieve this objective, the REMOURBAN project will act on the envelope of its buildings, on their illumination and it will modify the thermal installations to replace the current fossil fuels by renewable sources, for both heating and domestic hot water. These actions will make Valladolid a smart city benchmark with interventions in the energy, mobility and ICT sectors. Full article
Open AccessProceedings Consumer Based Market Intelligence: Behavioral Foundations of An Energy Control Platform—End User Profile for Behavioral Change
Proceedings 2017, 1(7), 687; https://doi.org/10.3390/proceedings1070687
Published: 7 November 2017
PDF Full-text (308 KB)
Abstract
Nowadays ICT platforms allow users to control energy consumption, as well as optimizing their energy efficiency. In these days, this is a powerful tool for any user considering its remote real-time data access feature, thus permitting energy consumption optimization, contributing to reducing energy
[...] Read more.
Nowadays ICT platforms allow users to control energy consumption, as well as optimizing their energy efficiency. In these days, this is a powerful tool for any user considering its remote real-time data access feature, thus permitting energy consumption optimization, contributing to reducing energy related problems in “smart cities”. In general, energy-saving behavior is influenced by a large diversity of both behavioral and situational factors. Thus, the end user profile assessment is an essential tool to provide the foundations of the energy related platforms’ requirements and system. To access the critical factors that facilitate user and community engagement in energy-related platforms as well as the effective incentive schemes for consumers, we run a survey (N = 206) to map and typify the platform’s potential final consumer. The use of a scale measurement system has permitted analyzing users’ behavior regarding environment and energy consumption (habits and change flexibility perceptions). We argue that to typify the platform’s potential final consumer provides the fundamental basis for market intelligence, whether in its technical feature regarding the technological and design creation of the platform, as well as its particular feature regarding the implementation. Full article
Open AccessProceedings Gaming Energy Refurbishment
Proceedings 2017, 1(7), 688; https://doi.org/10.3390/proceedings1070688
Published: 27 October 2017
PDF Full-text (177 KB)
Abstract
This paper reviews the sustainability strategy of a major hospital campus, and the progression from large and compelling improvements through to the need for careful management of further incremental changes. The use of gaming strategy to optimize the refurbishment of two specific hospital
[...] Read more.
This paper reviews the sustainability strategy of a major hospital campus, and the progression from large and compelling improvements through to the need for careful management of further incremental changes. The use of gaming strategy to optimize the refurbishment of two specific hospital departments for energy efficiency is examined. Standard energy assessment tools are repurposed to work in situations where there is limited information. Full article
Open AccessProceedings Social Acceptance for Energy Efficient Solutions in Renovation Processes
Proceedings 2017, 1(7), 689; https://doi.org/10.3390/proceedings1070689
Published: 7 November 2017
PDF Full-text (212 KB)
Abstract
The following paper shows the results of the ZenN European research project, in which the SSH-methodology has been implemented in order to collect information on user awareness, preferences, needs, behaviours and for energy efficient renovation solutions. Taking this into account, the barriers which
[...] Read more.
The following paper shows the results of the ZenN European research project, in which the SSH-methodology has been implemented in order to collect information on user awareness, preferences, needs, behaviours and for energy efficient renovation solutions. Taking this into account, the barriers which limit opportunities for improvement of energy efficiency at the decision-making phase of regenerations and challenges encountered in practical parts of EE-renovation activities are characterized. The SSH analysis shows that the social barriers and challenges identified in the project were implied by insufficient knowledge or interest in the idea of energy-efficient buildings and high investment costs. Furthermore, several country-specific factors have been found, such as insufficient education and promotion activities, historical and cultural values of buildings which limit renovation opportunities etc. Full article
Open AccessProceedings PVSITES: Building-Integrated Photovoltaic Technologies and Systems for Large-Scale Market Deployment
Proceedings 2017, 1(7), 690; https://doi.org/10.3390/proceedings1070690
Published: 3 November 2017
Cited by 1 | PDF Full-text (371 KB)
Abstract
The large potential for energy savings in buildings led the EU Commission to adopt the 2010/31/EU Directive on the energy performance of buildings with the objective that all new buildings are Nearly Zero Energy Buildings (NZEB) by 2020. Renewable energy technologies, and in
[...] Read more.
The large potential for energy savings in buildings led the EU Commission to adopt the 2010/31/EU Directive on the energy performance of buildings with the objective that all new buildings are Nearly Zero Energy Buildings (NZEB) by 2020. Renewable energy technologies, and in particular the integration of photovoltaic systems in the building environment offer many possibilities to play a key role within the NZEB scenario. The objective of PVSITES project is to drive BIPV technology to a large market deployment by demonstrating an ambitious portfolio of building-integrated solar technologies and systems, giving a forceful, reliable answer to the market requirements identified by the industrial members of the consortium in their day-to-day activity. Full article
Open AccessProceedings E2District: Behaviour Demand Response
Proceedings 2017, 1(7), 691; https://doi.org/10.3390/proceedings1070691
Published: 3 November 2017
PDF Full-text (1330 KB)
Abstract
This work describes the Behaviour Demand Response approach proposed in the context of the EU Horizon 2020 E2District project, which aims at achieving energy efficiency in District Heating and Cooling (DHC) systems applied in building blocks. [...] Full article
Open AccessProceedings Innovative Business Model for Torrelago District
Proceedings 2017, 1(7), 692; https://doi.org/10.3390/proceedings1070692
Published: 2 November 2017
PDF Full-text (373 KB)
Abstract
High upfront costs that district energy retrofitting entails, implies long-term financing schemes. Moreover, multi-private ownership in Spanish residential sector hinders the decision-making process. In the case of CITyFiED project, an innovative business model has been developed between an Energy Services Company and a
[...] Read more.
High upfront costs that district energy retrofitting entails, implies long-term financing schemes. Moreover, multi-private ownership in Spanish residential sector hinders the decision-making process. In the case of CITyFiED project, an innovative business model has been developed between an Energy Services Company and a Building company for Torrelago district renovation. This paper addresses this demo case from a global perspective, identifying the elements of the business case using the Canvas methodology approach and analysing the financing scheme. After a total investment of 16.5 M€, the energy savings achieved enable the payback without increasing the Community fees to the dwellings’ owners. Full article
Open AccessProceedings Techno-Economic Feasibility of a Hybrid Power Generation System for Developing Economies
Proceedings 2017, 1(7), 693; https://doi.org/10.3390/proceedings1070693
Published: 2 November 2017
PDF Full-text (216 KB)
Abstract
This work investigates the feasibility of hybrid power generation system using multiple energy sources to fulfil the electrical demand of a residential community. The system performance is evaluated against the capital investment, Cost of Electricity (COE), CO2 emissions and Net Present Cost.
[...] Read more.
This work investigates the feasibility of hybrid power generation system using multiple energy sources to fulfil the electrical demand of a residential community. The system performance is evaluated against the capital investment, Cost of Electricity (COE), CO2 emissions and Net Present Cost. Results indicate that the hybrid system reduces the COE by 47% compared to grid price and has a negative CO2 emissions of 24,603 kg/yr due to supplying its surplus energy to the grid. Renewable sources contribute to 80.1% of the overall power produced by the hybrid system. The study finds that the hybrid systems could replace complete dependency on grids. Full article
Open AccessProceedings Experimental Validation of the Structural Integrity of Modular Horizontal Axis Wind Turbine Blades
Proceedings 2017, 1(7), 694; https://doi.org/10.3390/proceedings1070694
Published: 3 November 2017
PDF Full-text (444 KB)
Abstract
The production, transportation and repair of long horizontal axis wind turbine blades measuring up to 85 m require expensive specialist machinery that increases the capital cost of wind power generation. A modular blade design is a potential solution to these problems however; the
[...] Read more.
The production, transportation and repair of long horizontal axis wind turbine blades measuring up to 85 m require expensive specialist machinery that increases the capital cost of wind power generation. A modular blade design is a potential solution to these problems however; the inclusion of joints could make the modular blades inherently weaker. This work investigates the effect of post-tensioned tendons on the structural integrity of modular blades, through cantilever deflection and tensile tests conducted on 3D printed small-scale prototypes. The experiment indicates 43% and 15.4% reduction in blade tip displacement and deflection caused by cyclic loading, respectively, in case of modular design with tendons compared to without tendons design. Full article
Open AccessProceedings Interoperability: A Data Conversion Framework to Support Energy Simulation
Proceedings 2017, 1(7), 695; https://doi.org/10.3390/proceedings1070695
Published: 8 November 2017
PDF Full-text (560 KB)
Abstract
In this paper an interoperability solution is proposed, aiming to go from (building) construction models to energy simulation. Moreover, the energy simulation results will feed the KPI’s analysis of a designed building. The proposed solution will be used to translate different data formats
[...] Read more.
In this paper an interoperability solution is proposed, aiming to go from (building) construction models to energy simulation. Moreover, the energy simulation results will feed the KPI’s analysis of a designed building. The proposed solution will be used to translate different data formats allowing the communication between different systems in an automated environment. The solution presented in this paper exploits the concept of Plug’n’Interoperate (PnI), that is supported by the principle of self-configuration as to automate, as much as possible, the configuration and participation of systems into a shared interoperability environment. In order to validate this approach two different scenarios were taken into account, translating from a CAD (Computer- Aided Design) model data format to an energy simulation data format. Full article
Open AccessProceedings Re-Naturing the City: Nature4Cities Project to Elevate the Concept of Nature-Based Solutions
Proceedings 2017, 1(7), 696; https://doi.org/10.3390/proceedings1070696
Published: 8 November 2017
PDF Full-text (174 KB)
Abstract
Nature-based solutions are positive responses to societal challenges, and can have the potential to simultaneously meet environmental, social and economic objectives. The EU research project Nature4Cities aims to deliver an online platform where all stakeholders, such as citizens, urban planners, experts and policymakers
[...] Read more.
Nature-based solutions are positive responses to societal challenges, and can have the potential to simultaneously meet environmental, social and economic objectives. The EU research project Nature4Cities aims to deliver an online platform where all stakeholders, such as citizens, urban planners, experts and policymakers are encouraged to discover, discuss and rank nature-based solutions. Full article
Open AccessProceedings Testing New Solutions for Self Inspection and Quality Checks in the Real World Workshop
Proceedings 2017, 1(7), 697; https://doi.org/10.3390/proceedings1070697
Published: 8 November 2017
PDF Full-text (174 KB)
Abstract
This workshop carries on a series of workshops presented at Sustainable Places in 2015 and 2016 building upon the discussions surrounding the innovation within the project. ACCEPT. ACCEPT is now in its third year meaning that the ideas have been progressed to an
[...] Read more.
This workshop carries on a series of workshops presented at Sustainable Places in 2015 and 2016 building upon the discussions surrounding the innovation within the project. ACCEPT. ACCEPT is now in its third year meaning that the ideas have been progressed to an advanced stage. This workshop focuses on the emerging technological prototypes and the piloting program including initial results, successes and failures providing an opportunity to have an open discussion with an opportunity for delegates to gain useful insights that may assist other projects. Full article
Open AccessProceedings Application of a KPI-Driven Protocol for Sustainability Assessment
Proceedings 2017, 1(7), 698; https://doi.org/10.3390/proceedings1070698
Published: 8 November 2017
PDF Full-text (450 KB)
Abstract
Traditionally, the energy efficiency in buildings has been evaluated through well-established protocols that highly depend on Key Performance Indicators (KPI). However, nowadays, the trend has moved from buildings to districts and cities where not only energy efficiency is pivotal, but also the sustainability
[...] Read more.
Traditionally, the energy efficiency in buildings has been evaluated through well-established protocols that highly depend on Key Performance Indicators (KPI). However, nowadays, the trend has moved from buildings to districts and cities where not only energy efficiency is pivotal, but also the sustainability under the scope of smart city. There exist several widely recognized environmental assessment methodologies such as BREEAM or LEED that aim to assess the sustainability of buildings based on a rating system represented by a set of indicators, namely credits. Nevertheless, the application of these standards is complex and costly. Hence, this paper presents an alternative holistic sustainability protocol, developed under the European project CITyFiED, driven by a comprehensive set of indicators to assess the sustainability of urban areas in terms of energy efficiency, environmental, economic and social impact, together with the effect of the information and communication technologies. Full article
Open AccessProceedings Multimodel-Based Exploration of the Building Design Space and Its Uncertainty
Proceedings 2017, 1(7), 1078; https://doi.org/10.3390/proceedings1071078
Published: 21 November 2017
PDF Full-text (878 KB)
Abstract
New challenges have raised in parallel to the expansion of Building Information Modeling (BIM) like applying it for optimizing building design already in early stages. This implies analysis of many changes in building design which should be all evaluated in terms of performance
[...] Read more.
New challenges have raised in parallel to the expansion of Building Information Modeling (BIM) like applying it for optimizing building design already in early stages. This implies analysis of many changes in building design which should be all evaluated in terms of performance but also in terms of uncertainty. The presented research proposes a methodology and information models for enabling systematic and on-demand energy simulation of many building design scenarios. Full article
Open AccessProceedings Energy-Related Data Integration Using Semantic Data Models for Energy Efficient Retrofitting Projects
Proceedings 2017, 1(7), 1099; https://doi.org/10.3390/proceedings1071099
Published: 5 December 2017
PDF Full-text (608 KB)
Abstract
Energy efficient retrofitting projects of urban areas require to analyze data from multiple sources and domains—BIM, GIS, statistics, energy data, and climate. An interoperability solution is needed to overcome the semantic and structural heterogeneity of the data sources. Within OptEEmAL project, we have
[...] Read more.
Energy efficient retrofitting projects of urban areas require to analyze data from multiple sources and domains—BIM, GIS, statistics, energy data, and climate. An interoperability solution is needed to overcome the semantic and structural heterogeneity of the data sources. Within OptEEmAL project, we have design and implemented a District Data Model which integrates multiple data sources and makes them interoperable with several simulation tools (Energy plus, Nest, CitySim) using Semantic Web technologies, namely, ontologies and SPARQL construct queries. Full article
Open AccessProceedings Methodology for a Socio-Technical Approach to Sharing Knowledge and Promoting Dialogue via Use of a Knowledge and Communication Platform
Proceedings 2017, 1(7), 1100; https://doi.org/10.3390/proceedings1071100
Published: 6 December 2017
PDF Full-text (1875 KB)
Abstract
This paper outlines the methodology of a Knowledge and Communication Platform (KCP) as part of the Horizon2020 project Energy System Transition Through Stakeholder Activation, Education and Skills Development (ENTRUST). The ENTRUST project provides a mapping of Europe’s energy system and an in-depth understanding
[...] Read more.
This paper outlines the methodology of a Knowledge and Communication Platform (KCP) as part of the Horizon2020 project Energy System Transition Through Stakeholder Activation, Education and Skills Development (ENTRUST). The ENTRUST project provides a mapping of Europe’s energy system and an in-depth understanding of how human behaviour around energy is shaped by both technological systems and socio-demographic factors. Central to the project is an in-depth engagement with six communities across Europe. The purpose of the KCP is to disseminate and share knowledge and to facilitate and promote dialogue on energy efficiency and transitioning to a low carbon system. Full article
Open AccessProceedings Reducing Energy Consumption and Carbon Footprint by Smart and Sustainable Use
Proceedings 2017, 1(7), 1101; https://doi.org/10.3390/proceedings1071101
Published: 11 December 2017
PDF Full-text (733 KB)
Abstract
The workshop “Reducing energy consumption and carbon footprint by smart and sustainable use” was organized on 29 June 2017 in the context of the International conference Sustainable Places 2017 with the aim to discuss the latest progress and innovations resulting from 7 projects
[...] Read more.
The workshop “Reducing energy consumption and carbon footprint by smart and sustainable use” was organized on 29 June 2017 in the context of the International conference Sustainable Places 2017 with the aim to discuss the latest progress and innovations resulting from 7 projects developing solutions to reduce energy consumption and carbon footprint by smart and sustainable use. Full article
Open AccessProceedings Find the Gap: Project MOEEBIUS, a Holistic Energy Performance Optimization Framework
Proceedings 2017, 1(7), 1102; https://doi.org/10.3390/proceedings1071102
Published: 12 December 2017
PDF Full-text (228 KB)
Abstract
Project MOEEBIUS focus is the reduction of the gap between predicted and actual energy performances in buildings. This project will introduce a Holistic Energy Performance Optimization Framework with new tools and methodologies that enhance current building energy performance simulation tools and current modelling
[...] Read more.
Project MOEEBIUS focus is the reduction of the gap between predicted and actual energy performances in buildings. This project will introduce a Holistic Energy Performance Optimization Framework with new tools and methodologies that enhance current building energy performance simulation tools and current modelling approaches. This strategy aims to deeply grasp and describe real-life building operation complexities and introduce continuous optimization of building energy performance in real-time or through retrofitting. Full article
Open AccessProceedings Mas²tering: Business Cases and Technologies for Low-Voltage Flexibility Aggregation with Prosumers and Local Energy Communities Workshop
Proceedings 2017, 1(7), 1103; https://doi.org/10.3390/proceedings1071103
Published: 9 November 2017
PDF Full-text (465 KB)
Abstract
This report summarises the conduct and key findings from the fourth and final scientific workshop organised under the Mas²tering project (Multi-Agent Systems and Secured coupling of Telecom and Energy gRIds for Next Generation smart grid services), which is co-funded by the European Union
[...] Read more.
This report summarises the conduct and key findings from the fourth and final scientific workshop organised under the Mas²tering project (Multi-Agent Systems and Secured coupling of Telecom and Energy gRIds for Next Generation smart grid services), which is co-funded by the European Union under the FP7 programme. The workshop was co-located with Sustainable Places 2017 hosted by Teesside University in Middlesbrough, UK. Sustainable Places is an annual international conference focused on innovations for Energy-efficient Buildings and the wider smart grids that connect them. This fourth edition of the Mas2tering workshop series aimed at validating the project’s work to date with respect to its approach, technologies, use cases and in-progress results. For this purpose, a panel of three experts was formed and to them the project presented an Overview & Approach, Physical Testing at the ENGIE Crigen facilities, simulation of the Cardiff Grid, Project Use Cases and the Business Model Approach. Thematic issues and conclusions from the presentations and discussions are provided herein. Full article
Open AccessProceedings Residential Electricity Tariffs in Europe: Current Situation, Evolution and Impact on Residential Flexibility Markets
Proceedings 2017, 1(7), 1104; https://doi.org/10.3390/proceedings1071104
Published: 9 November 2017
PDF Full-text (201 KB)
Abstract
Residential flexibility (a.k.a demand response) is a key component of smart grids to reduce our carbon footprint, to have reliable power (balance between power and demand, and avoiding congestion) and more affordable electricity tariffs. However, to have a significant participation in the flexibility
[...] Read more.
Residential flexibility (a.k.a demand response) is a key component of smart grids to reduce our carbon footprint, to have reliable power (balance between power and demand, and avoiding congestion) and more affordable electricity tariffs. However, to have a significant participation in the flexibility markets, households needs good price signals. Today, the electricity bill components (volumetric and capacity for both consumption and generation) are evolving and grid services are increasingly more available to households. This is due to the evolution in the energy mix, deployment of new technologies (smart meter roll-out, gradual uptake of electric vehicles, heat pumps and batteries), regional integration (interconnectors and integration of balancing markets) and evolution of society (sharing economy or Peer2peer and ubiquity of smartphones). These trends will have a quantitative impact on the different energy bills in the short term (2020) and longer term. Further investigation is also suggested to go from the qualitative analysis to a better quantitative analysis. Full article
Open AccessProceedings Development of Future EU District Heating and Cooling Network Solutions, Sharing Experiences and Fostering Collaborations
Proceedings 2017, 1(7), 1105; https://doi.org/10.3390/proceedings1071105
Published: 13 November 2017
PDF Full-text (183 KB)
Abstract
Heating and cooling consume half of the EU’s energy and much of it is wasted. The lion’s share of heating and cooling is still generated from fossil fuels, mainly natural gas, while only 18% is generated from renewable energy. In order to fulfil
[...] Read more.
Heating and cooling consume half of the EU’s energy and much of it is wasted. The lion’s share of heating and cooling is still generated from fossil fuels, mainly natural gas, while only 18% is generated from renewable energy. In order to fulfil the EU’s climate and energy goals, the heating and cooling sector must therefore sharply reduce its energy consumption and cut its use of fossil fuels. To this end the European Commission adopted a heating and cooling strategy in February 2016 as part of the wider Energy Union Package. A number of activities and projects funded by the programmes of European Union are supporting this new EU heating and cooling strategy. Full article
Open AccessProceedings KPI-Driven Methodology for Urban Renovation at District Level. Sustainable Strategic Urban Planning
Proceedings 2017, 1(7), 1114; https://doi.org/10.3390/proceedings1071114
Published: 21 March 2018
PDF Full-text (883 KB)
Abstract
Sustainable urban renovation is characterized by multiple factors (e.g., technical, socio-economic, environmental and ethical perspectives), different spatial scales and a number of administrative structures that should address the evaluation of alternative scenarios or solutions. This defines a complex decision problem that includes different
[...] Read more.
Sustainable urban renovation is characterized by multiple factors (e.g., technical, socio-economic, environmental and ethical perspectives), different spatial scales and a number of administrative structures that should address the evaluation of alternative scenarios or solutions. This defines a complex decision problem that includes different stakeholders where several aspects need to be considered simultaneously. In spite of the knowledge and experiences during the recent years, there is a need of methods that lead the decision-making processes. In response, a methodology based on a KPI-driven approach for urban renovation at district level is proposed in the European Smart City project CITyFiED. The methodology is a procedure with the energy efficiency as main pillar and the local authorities as client. It is composed of seven phases that ensures an effective dialogue among all the stakeholders, aiming to understand the objectives and needs of the city to deliver a set of customized Strategies for Sustainable Urban Renovation. In order to provide guidance and quantitative criteria, three levels of indicators are integrated into the approach: City Level Indicators (L1) at city & district level, Project Level KPIs (L2), and Impact Assessment Indicators at city level (L3). Full article
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