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Infrastructures 2018, 3(2), 10; https://doi.org/10.3390/infrastructures3020010

Adaptation Becoming Business as Usual: A Framework for Climate-Change-Ready Transport Infrastructure

1
School of Engineering; University of Birmingham, Edgbaston, Birmingham B15 2TT, UK
2
Beckford Consulting, Reading RG19 3UY, UK
3
JDCL, Chipping Norton, Oxfordshire OX7 3RW, UK
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 30 January 2018 / Revised: 28 March 2018 / Accepted: 2 April 2018 / Published: 17 April 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Railway Infrastructure Engineering)
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Abstract

Extreme weather damages and disrupts transport infrastructure in a multitude of ways. Heavy rainfall and ensuing landslides or flooding may lead to road or rail closures; extreme heat can damage road surfaces, or cause tracks, signalling or electronic equipment to overheat, or thermal discomfort for passengers. As extreme weather is expected to occur more frequently in the future, transport infrastructure owners and operators must increase their preparedness in order to reduce weather-related service disruption and the associated financial costs. This article presents a two-sided framework for use by any organisation to develop climate-change-ready transport infrastructure, regardless of their current level of knowledge or preparedness for climate change. The framework is composed of an adaptation strategy and an implementation plan, and has the overarching ambition to embed climate change adaptation within organisational procedures so it becomes a normal function of business. It advocates adaptation pathways, i.e., sequential adaptive actions that do not compromise future actions. The circular, iterative structure ensures new knowledge, or socio-economic changes may be incorporated, and that previous adaptations are evaluated. Moreover, the framework aligns with existing asset management procedures (e.g., ISO standards) or governmental or organisational approaches to climate change adaptation. By adopting this framework, organisations can self-identify their own level of adaptation readiness and seek to enhance it. View Full-Text
Keywords: climate change adaptation; extreme weather; adaptation framework; adaptation pathways; resilience; risk management; sustainability climate change adaptation; extreme weather; adaptation framework; adaptation pathways; resilience; risk management; sustainability
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).
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Quinn, A.D.; Ferranti, E.J.S.; Hodgkinson, S.P.; Jack, A.C.R.; Beckford, J.; Dora, J.M. Adaptation Becoming Business as Usual: A Framework for Climate-Change-Ready Transport Infrastructure. Infrastructures 2018, 3, 10.

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