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Networked Driving Simulation: Applications, State of the Art, and Design Considerations

1
Heinz Nixdorf Institute, University of Paderborn, 33102 Paderborn, Germany
2
Fraunhofer Institute for Mechatronic Systems Design IEM, 33102 Paderborn, Germany
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Received: 7 June 2017 / Revised: 24 June 2017 / Accepted: 26 June 2017 / Published: 29 June 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Road Vehicle Safety: Design and Assessment)
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Abstract

Automotive manufacturers and suppliers develop new vehicle technologies to increase traffic safety and transportation efficiency. Autonomous and cooperative vehicle systems are crucial examples of such advanced technologies. The hustle to deploy these fascinating systems onto public roads increases as customer’s expectations rise. Networked driving simulation represents an effective virtual prototyping tool that can support the development, and hence, accelerate system deployment. In networked driving simulation, two or more human-driven virtual vehicles share the same environment and form a very close approximation of real-world traffic interactions. This emerged multi-interactive virtual environment can serve various applications related to the new vehicle technologies and the ever increasing traffic complexity. This paper introduces the promising applications of networked driving simulation and outlines the necessary system design requirements. In addition, the work presents an extensive literature review and evaluation of utilizations of networked driving simulation. Furthermore, three compelling systems of networked driving simulation are analyzed regarding their technical specifications and application scopes. The systems are compared and evaluated using the derived requirements. Finally, potential future work is revealed regarding the design of resilient networked driving simulation systems that can be tailored for possible changes of application requirements. View Full-Text
Keywords: advanced vehicle systems; complex traffic environments; driving simulators; traffic simulators; shared virtual environments; multi-driver interactions advanced vehicle systems; complex traffic environments; driving simulators; traffic simulators; shared virtual environments; multi-driver interactions
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).
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Abdelgawad, K.; Gausemeier, J.; Dumitrescu, R.; Grafe, M.; Stöcklein, J.; Berssenbrügge, J. Networked Driving Simulation: Applications, State of the Art, and Design Considerations. Designs 2017, 1, 4.

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