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J. Funct. Morphol. Kinesiol. 2018, 3(2), 31; https://doi.org/10.3390/jfmk3020031

How Exercise and Dietary Intervention Affect the Outcome of Osteosarcopenic Obesity Syndrome?

Department of Nutrition, Food and Exercise Sciences, Florida State University, Tallahassee, FL 32306, USA
Received: 30 April 2018 / Revised: 25 May 2018 / Accepted: 25 May 2018 / Published: 28 May 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Role of Exercises in Musculoskeletal Disorders)
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Abstract

Osteosarcopenic obesity (OSO) is described as the simultaneous presence of osteopenia/osteoporosis, sarcopenia, and increased adiposity. Over time, older adults with OSO syndrome might be at greater risk for loss of physical function and bone fractures. Furthermore, a sedentary lifestyle, inadequate nutrition, pharmaceutical drugs, and chronic conditions encompass the multifactorial nature of OSO syndrome. Physical activity and a healthy diet play a crucial role in management and treatment of OSO syndrome. Research has shown that even low-intensity physical activity or daily habitual activity can maintain bone mineral density, muscle strength, and improve muscle quality, and reduce adiposity. However, older adults with high risk of fall and injuries require tailored exercise intensity. Also, balanced daily intake of vitamin D, calcium, and protein is important in prevention and treatment of OSO syndrome in postmenopausal women. Effective measurement of bone mass, muscle mass, and strength is required when detecting OSO syndrome and to evaluate the balance, strength and endurance of elder individuals and severity of the condition. View Full-Text
Keywords: osteosarcopenic obesity; exercise; diet; aging; fall osteosarcopenic obesity; exercise; diet; aging; fall
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JafariNasabian, P. How Exercise and Dietary Intervention Affect the Outcome of Osteosarcopenic Obesity Syndrome? J. Funct. Morphol. Kinesiol. 2018, 3, 31.

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