Next Article in Journal
Low-Intensity Vibration Improves Muscle Healing in a Mouse Model of Laceration Injury
Next Article in Special Issue
The Role of Exercise in Pediatric and Adolescent Cancers: A Review of Assessments and Suggestions for Clinical Implementation
Previous Article in Journal
Employment of Microencapsulated Sertoli Cells as a New Tool to Treat Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy
Previous Article in Special Issue
Cognitive and Motivational Monitoring during Enriched Sport Activities in a Sample of Children Living in Europe. The Esa Program
Article Menu
Issue 4 (December) cover image

Export Article

Open AccessArticle
J. Funct. Morphol. Kinesiol. 2017, 2(4), 48; https://doi.org/10.3390/jfmk2040048

Do Young Elite Football Athletes Have the Same Strength and Power Characteristics as Senior Athletes?

1
Faculty of Health, Sport and Human Performance, University of Waikato, Hamilton 3240, New Zealand
2
Glasgow Warriors, Glasgow, UK
3
Benfica Lab, Lisbon 1500-313, Portugal
4
Faculty of Human Kinetics, University of Lisbon, Lisbon 1499-002, Portugal
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 2 December 2017 / Revised: 7 December 2017 / Accepted: 12 December 2017 / Published: 19 December 2017
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [555 KB, uploaded 19 December 2017]   |  

Abstract

An increasing number of young football athletes are competing in elite senior level competitions. However, comparison of strength, power, and speed characteristics between young elite football athletes and their senior counterparts, while controlling for anthropometric parameters, is yet to be investigated. Knee extension concentric peak torque, jump performance, and 20 m straight-line speed were compared between age groups of under 17 (U17: n = 24), under 19 (U19: n = 25), and senior (seniors: n = 19) elite, national and international level, male football athletes. Analysis of covariance was performed, with height and body mass used as covariates. No significant differences were found between age groups for knee extension concentric peak torque (p = 0.28–0.42), while an effect was observed when the covariates of height and body mass were applied (p < 0.001). Senior players had greater jump and speed performance, whereas an effect was observed only for the covariate of body mass in the 15 m and 20 m (p < 0.001) speed testing. No differences were observed between U17 and U19 groups for jump and speed performance (p = 0.26–0.46). The current study suggests that younger elite football athletes (<19 years) have lower jump and speed performance than their senior counterparts, but not for strength when height and body mass are considered as covariates. Emphasis should be on power development capacities at the late youth phase when preparing athletes for the senior competition level. View Full-Text
Keywords: elite soccer; anaerobic alactic; age groups; performance elite soccer; anaerobic alactic; age groups; performance
Figures

Figure 1

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).
SciFeed

Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Tavares, F.; Mendes, B.; Driller, M.; Freitas, S. Do Young Elite Football Athletes Have the Same Strength and Power Characteristics as Senior Athletes? J. Funct. Morphol. Kinesiol. 2017, 2, 48.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics

1

Comments

[Return to top]
J. Funct. Morphol. Kinesiol. EISSN 2411-5142 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top