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Philosophies 2018, 3(3), 23; https://doi.org/10.3390/philosophies3030023

Perspectives on Natural Philosophy

1
Biological Sciences Department, Binghamton University, Binghamton, NY 13902, USA
2
Biology Department, Brooklyn College, City University of New York, New York, NY 11210, USA
Received: 6 August 2018 / Revised: 22 August 2018 / Accepted: 22 August 2018 / Published: 28 August 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Contemporary Natural Philosophy and Philosophies)
Full-Text   |   PDF [209 KB, uploaded 31 August 2018]

Abstract

This paper presents a viewpoint on natural philosophy focusing on the organization of substance, as well as its changes as invited by the Second Law of thermodynamics. Modes of change are pointed to as definitive of levels of organization; these include physical, chemical, and biological modes of change. Conceptual uses of the subsumptive hierarchy format are employed throughout this paper. Developmental change in dissipative structures is examined in some detail, generating an argument for the use of final causality in studies of natural systems. Considerations of ‘internalism’ in science are presented along the way. View Full-Text
Keywords: compositional hierarchy; development; dissipative structures; final cause; internalism; Second Law of thermodynamics; subsumptive hierarchy compositional hierarchy; development; dissipative structures; final cause; internalism; Second Law of thermodynamics; subsumptive hierarchy
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).
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Salthe, S.N. Perspectives on Natural Philosophy. Philosophies 2018, 3, 23.

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