Next Article in Journal
Evaluating Speed Enforcement Field Set-Ups Used by Regional Police in Belgium: An Analysis of Speed Outcome Indicators
Next Article in Special Issue
Evaluation of Beginner Driver Education in Oregon
Previous Article in Journal
The Effect of Sharrows, Painted Bicycle Lanes and Physically Protected Paths on the Severity of Bicycle Injuries Caused by Motor Vehicles
Previous Article in Special Issue
Exploring the Use of Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT) for Reducing Rider Stress and Stress-Related Anxiety, Anger, and Worry
Article Menu

Export Article

Open AccessArticle
Safety 2017, 3(1), 2; doi:10.3390/safety3010002

Factors Influencing Learner Permit Duration

1
Center for Injury Research and Policy, Department of Health Policy and Management, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
2
Department of Health and Exercise Science, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, CO 80523, USA
3
Department of Epidemiology and Environmental Health, State University of New York at Buffalo, Buffalo, NY 14214, USA
4
Health Behavior Branch, Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, Bethesda, MD 20817, USA
5
Virginia Tech Transportation Institute, Blacksburg, VA 24061, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Raphael Grzebieta
Received: 13 May 2016 / Revised: 18 November 2016 / Accepted: 13 December 2016 / Published: 22 December 2016
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Driver/Rider Training)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [538 KB, uploaded 22 December 2016]   |  

Abstract

An increasing number of countries are requiring an extended learner permit prior to independent driving. The question of when drivers begin the learner permit period, and how long they hold the permit before advancing to independent licensure has received little research attention. Licensure timing is likely to be related to “push” and “pull” factors which may encourage or inhibit the process. To examine this question, we recruited a sample of 90 novice drivers (49 females and 41 males, average age of 15.6 years) soon after they obtained a learner permit and instrumented their vehicles to collect a range of driving data. Participants completed a series of surveys at recruitment related to factors that may influence licensure timing. Two distinct findings emerged from the time-to-event analysis that tested these push and pull factors in relation to licensure timing. The first can be conceptualized as teens’ motivation to drive (push), reflected in a younger age when obtaining a learner permit and extensive pre-permit driving experience. The second finding was teens’ perceptions of their parents’ knowledge of their activities (pull); a proxy for a parents’ attentiveness to their teens’ lives. Teens who reported higher levels of their parents’ knowledge of their activities took longer to advance to independent driving. These findings suggest time-to-licensure may be related to teens’ internal motivation to drive, and the ability of parents to facilitate or impede early licensure. View Full-Text
Keywords: novice teenage drivers; parents; learner permit; licensure novice teenage drivers; parents; learner permit; licensure
Figures

Figure 1

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

Scifeed alert for new publications

Never miss any articles matching your research from any publisher
  • Get alerts for new papers matching your research
  • Find out the new papers from selected authors
  • Updated daily for 49'000+ journals and 6000+ publishers
  • Define your Scifeed now

SciFeed Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Ehsani, J.P.; Li, K.; Grant, B.J.B.; Gershon, P.; Klauer, S.G.; Dingus, T.A.; Simons-Morton, B. Factors Influencing Learner Permit Duration. Safety 2017, 3, 2.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics

1

Comments

[Return to top]
Safety EISSN 2313-576X Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top