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Recycling 2016, 1(1), 147-165; doi:10.3390/recycling1010147

A Procedure to Transform Recycling Behavior for Source Separation of Household Waste

1
Swedish Centre for Resource Recovery, University of Borås, Borås 501 90, Sweden
2
Waste Science and Technology, Luleå University of Technology, Luleå 971 87, Sweden
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Michele Rosano
Received: 18 March 2016 / Revised: 13 April 2016 / Accepted: 14 April 2016 / Published: 16 April 2016
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Abstract

Household waste separation at the source is a central part of waste management systems in Sweden. Resource recovery of materials and energy increased substantially after separate collection was implemented in the 1990s. A procedure to transform recycling behavior for the sorting of household waste—called the recycling behavior transition (RBT) procedure—was designed and implemented in a waste management system in Sweden. Repeated use of this procedure, which will assist in the continual improvement of household sorting, consists of the following four consecutive steps: (i) evaluating the current sorting behavior; (ii) identifying appropriate interventions; (iii) implementing the interventions, and; (iv) assessing the quantitative effect of the interventions. This procedure follows action research methodology and it is the first time that such a procedure has been developed and implemented for the sorting of household waste. The procedure can easily be adapted to any source separation system (which may have different local situations) and, by improving the source separation, will increase the resource recovery in the waste management system. The RBT procedure, together with its strengths and weaknesses, is discussed in this paper, and its implementation is exemplified by a pilot study done in Sweden. View Full-Text
Keywords: recycling behavior; resource recovery; source separation; household waste recycling behavior; resource recovery; source separation; household waste
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Rousta, K.; Bolton, K.; Dahlén, L. A Procedure to Transform Recycling Behavior for Source Separation of Household Waste. Recycling 2016, 1, 147-165.

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