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Recycling 2016, 1(1), 136-146; doi:10.3390/recycling1010136

Do Eco-Fees Encourage Design for the Environment? The Relationship between Environmental Handling Fees and Recycling Rates for Printed Paper and Packaging

Department of Geography, Wilfrid Laurier University, Waterloo, Ontario, ON L6S2X5, Canada
Academic Editor: Michele Rosano
Received: 17 January 2016 / Revised: 7 February 2016 / Accepted: 15 February 2016 / Published: 3 March 2016
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [1250 KB, uploaded 3 March 2016]   |  

Abstract

This study undertook a critical examination of Ontario’s extended producer responsibility scheme for the residential “Blue Box” recycling program, specifically examining the relationship between packaging fee rates and material-specific recycling rates. Using data collected for each of the 23 materials found in the residential recycling program over the past decade, a regression model was developed to gauge what relationship (if any) packaging recycling rates have with fee rates, costs of material management and revenue from the sale of recyclable material. The modeling in this study indicates that packaging fee rates have no effect on packaging recycling rates. Recycling rates were positively correlated with material revenue and negatively correlated with material management costs. There is no evidence that suggests that Ontario’s fee model used to allocate environmental handling fees to individual materials encourages waste diversion or design for the environment. The disconnect in the results and the intended function of packaging fee rates calls into question the appropriateness of Ontario’s fee rate methodology. View Full-Text
Keywords: recycling; extended producer responsibility; fee model; diversion recycling; extended producer responsibility; fee model; diversion
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Lakhan, C. Do Eco-Fees Encourage Design for the Environment? The Relationship between Environmental Handling Fees and Recycling Rates for Printed Paper and Packaging. Recycling 2016, 1, 136-146.

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