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Batteries 2018, 4(2), 26; https://doi.org/10.3390/batteries4020026

Formation and Stability of Interface between Garnet-Type Ta-doped Li7La3Zr2O12 Solid Electrolyte and Lithium Metal Electrode

Department of Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Toyohashi University of Technology, 1-1 Tempaku-cho, Toyohashi, Aichi 4418580, Japan
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Received: 10 May 2018 / Revised: 1 June 2018 / Accepted: 6 June 2018 / Published: 7 June 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Recent Advances in Post-Lithium Ion Batteries)
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Abstract

Garnet-type Li7-xLa3Zr2-xTaxO12 (LLZT) is considered a good candidate for the solid electrolyte in all-solid-state lithium batteries because of its reasonably high conductivity around 10−3 S cm−1 at room temperature and stability against lithium (Li) metal with the lowest redox potential. In this study, we synthesized LLZT with a tantalum (Ta) content of 0.45 via a conventional solid-state reaction process and constructed a Li/LLZT/Li symmetric cell by attaching Li metal foils on the polished top and bottom surfaces of an LLZT pellet. We investigated the influence of heating temperatures and times on the interfacial charge-transfer resistance between LLZT and the Li metal electrode. In addition, the effect of the interface resistance on the stability for Li deposition and dissolution was examined using a galvanostatic cycling test. The lowest interfacial resistance of 25 Ω cm2 at room temperature was obtained by heating at 175 °C (5 °C lower than the melting point of Li) for three to five hours. We confirmed that the current density at which the short circuit occurs in the Li/LLZT/Li cell via the propagation of Li dendrite into LLZT increases with decreasing interfacial charge transfer resistance. View Full-Text
Keywords: garnet; solid electrolyte; lithium metal; interface; charge-transfer resistance garnet; solid electrolyte; lithium metal; interface; charge-transfer resistance
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Inada, R.; Yasuda, S.; Hosokawa, H.; Saito, M.; Tojo, T.; Sakurai, Y. Formation and Stability of Interface between Garnet-Type Ta-doped Li7La3Zr2O12 Solid Electrolyte and Lithium Metal Electrode. Batteries 2018, 4, 26.

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