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Agronomic Management for Enhancing Plant Tolerance to Abiotic Stresses—Drought, Salinity, Hypoxia, and Lodging
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Horticulturae 2018, 4(3), 21; https://doi.org/10.3390/horticulturae4030021

Agronomic Management for Enhancing Plant Tolerance to Abiotic Stresses: High and Low Values of Temperature, Light Intensity, and Relative Humidity

1
Department of Agricultural and Environmental Sciences, Università degli Studi di Milano, via Celoria 2, 20133 Milan, Italy
2
Lombardy Museum of Agricultural History, via Celoria 2, 20133 Milan, Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 1 July 2018 / Revised: 13 August 2018 / Accepted: 16 August 2018 / Published: 24 August 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Abiotic Stress Effects on Performance of Horticultural Crops)
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Abstract

Abiotic stresses have direct effects on plant growth and development. In agriculture, sub-optimal values of temperature, light intensity, and relative humidity can limit crop yield and reduce product quality. Temperature has a direct effect on whole plant metabolism, and low or high temperatures can reduce growth or induce crop damage. Solar radiation is the primary driver of crop production, but light intensity can also have negative effects, especially if concurrent with water stress and high temperature. Relative humidity also plays an important role by regulating transpiration and water balance of crops. In this review, the main effects of these abiotic stresses on crop performance are reported, and agronomic strategies used to avoid or mitigate the effects of these stresses are discussed. View Full-Text
Keywords: cold; heat; solar radiation; relative humidity; transpiration cold; heat; solar radiation; relative humidity; transpiration
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Ferrante, A.; Mariani, L. Agronomic Management for Enhancing Plant Tolerance to Abiotic Stresses: High and Low Values of Temperature, Light Intensity, and Relative Humidity. Horticulturae 2018, 4, 21.

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