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Horticulturae 2018, 4(3), 14; https://doi.org/10.3390/horticulturae4030014

Implications of Smallholder Farm Production Diversity for Household Food Consumption Diversity: Insights from Diverse Agro-Ecological and Market Access Contexts in Rural Tanzania

1
Department of Economics and Social Studies, Ardhi University, 35176 Dar es Salaam, Tanzania
2
Technical University of Munich (TUM) Campus Straubing of Biotechnology and Sustainability, Weihenstephan-Triesdorf University of Applied Sciences, 85354 Freising, Germany
3
Institute for Environmental Economics and World Trade, Leibniz Universität Hannover, Königsworther Platz 1, 30167 Hannover, Germany
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 9 May 2018 / Revised: 30 June 2018 / Accepted: 6 July 2018 / Published: 8 July 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Marketing Strategies of Horticultural Production Chain)
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Abstract

Owing to persistent challenges of food and nutritional insecurity, recent literature has focused on the role diversity of farm production has on food consumption diversity, particularly for smallholder households. Yet, the relationship between farm production diversity and household food consumption diversity remains complex and empirical evidence is, so far, mixed. The present article assesses this relationship using two districts—Kilosa and Chamwino—with contrasting agro-ecological and market contexts in rural Tanzania. These districts represent the majority of farming systems found in Tanzania as well as in several countries within the region. We used household data and employed descriptive as well as multivariate regression analyses. The results indicated a positive role of farm production diversity for food consumption diversity in the district with relatively harsh climatic and agro-ecological characteristics and poor access to markets. Furthermore, increased farm production diversity was generally associated with seasonal food consumption diversity. However, results suggested a lesser role of farm production diversity in the presence of better agro-ecological and market access characteristics. These findings imply that promoting farm production diversity should consider the existing agro-ecological and market characteristics. In addition, achieving increased food consumption diversity among rural households may require effective market related infrastructure and institutions. View Full-Text
Keywords: smallholders; farm production diversity; food consumption diversity; seasonal food consumption; Tanzania smallholders; farm production diversity; food consumption diversity; seasonal food consumption; Tanzania
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Kissoly, L.; Faße, A.; Grote, U. Implications of Smallholder Farm Production Diversity for Household Food Consumption Diversity: Insights from Diverse Agro-Ecological and Market Access Contexts in Rural Tanzania. Horticulturae 2018, 4, 14.

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