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Horticulturae 2018, 4(1), 1; https://doi.org/10.3390/horticulturae4010001

Poinsettia Growth and Development Response to Container Root Substrate with Biochar

1
Department of Horticultural Sciences, Texas A&M University, 2133 TAMU, College Station, TX 77843, USA
2
Texas A&M AgriLife Research and Extension Center, Texas A&M University System, 1380 A&M Circle, El Paso, TX 79927, USA
3
Department of Plant Sciences, University of California, Davis, CA 95616, USA
4
Department of Horticultural Sciences, Texas A&M AgriLife Extension Service, College Station, TX 77843, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 6 November 2017 / Revised: 20 December 2017 / Accepted: 21 December 2017 / Published: 4 January 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Plant Production in Controlled Environment)
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Abstract

A greenhouse study was conducted to evaluate the growth and development of poinsettia ‘Prestige Red’ (Euphorbia pulcherrima) grown in a commercial peat-based potting mix (Sunshine Mix #1) amended with biochar at 0%, 20%, 40%, 60%, 80%, or 100% (by volume) at four different fertigation regimes: F1: 100 to 200 mg·L−1 nitrogen (N), F2: 200 to 300 mg·L−1 N (control), F3: 300 to 400 mg·L−1 N, or F4: 400 to 500 mg·L−1 N. The experiment was a two-factor factorial design with 10 replications for each combination of biochar by fertigation. As the percentage of biochar increased, root substrate pore space and bulk density increased, while container capacity decreased. Root rot and red bract necrosis only occurred in F4 combined with 100% biochar. Plants grown in 40% biochar had a similar growth and development to those in 0% biochar. Up to 80% biochar, plants exhibited no significant change, except in terms of dry weight, which decreased at higher biochar percentages (60% and 80%). In summary, at a fertigation rate of 100 mg·L−1 N to 400 mg·L−1 N, up to 80% biochar could be used as an amendment to peat-based root substrate with acceptable growth reduction and no changes in quality. View Full-Text
Keywords: biochar; alternative substrate; gas exchanges; visual quality biochar; alternative substrate; gas exchanges; visual quality
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).
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Guo, Y.; Niu, G.; Starman, T.; Volder, A.; Gu, M. Poinsettia Growth and Development Response to Container Root Substrate with Biochar. Horticulturae 2018, 4, 1.

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