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Horticulturae 2016, 2(3), 9; doi:10.3390/horticulturae2030009

Thai Orchid Genetic Resources and Their Improvement

Department of Plant Science, Faculty of Science, Mahidol University, Rama VI Road, Phayathai, Bangkok 10400, Thailand
Academic Editor: Douglas D. Archbold
Received: 1 December 2015 / Accepted: 8 July 2016 / Published: 28 July 2016
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Quality Management of Organic Horticultural Produce)

Abstract

Thailand is the origin of about 1300 species and 180–190 genera of orchids, comprising the major tropical orchids in the world. These wild Thai orchids grow naturally in various habitats and have unique flowers, stems, leaves, and roots. Many genera, including Vanda, Rhynchostylis, Ascocentrum, Aerides, Phalaenopsis, Doritis, Dendrobium, Bulbophyllum, Cirrhopetalum, Spathoglottis, and Paphiopedilum, contribute significantly to the Thai orchid industry for cut-flowers and potted plants. The improvement of these orchids’ horticultural characteristics has been significant through breeding, tissue culture, and cultural practices, as well as by technological applications and extension. Orchids will continue to dominate other ornamental crops in Thailand due to their diversity, better technologies, know-how from research, suitable climatic conditions, and experienced and skillful growers and exporters, as well as their nationwide popularity. View Full-Text
Keywords: Thai orchid species; orchid diversity; breeding Thai orchid species; orchid diversity; breeding
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Thammasiri, K. Thai Orchid Genetic Resources and Their Improvement. Horticulturae 2016, 2, 9.

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