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C 2017, 3(3), 21; doi:10.3390/c3030021

Fullerenes in Electrochemical Catalytic and Affinity Biosensing: A Review

1
Departamento de Química Analítica, Facultad de CC. Químicas, Universidad Complutense de Madrid, E-28040 Madrid, Spain
2
IMDEA Nanoscience, Ciudad Universitaria de Cantoblanco, 28049 Madrid, Spain
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 13 June 2017 / Revised: 23 June 2017 / Accepted: 26 June 2017 / Published: 28 June 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Smart Carbon Materials in Catalysis)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [17377 KB, uploaded 28 June 2017]   |  

Abstract

Nanotechnology is becoming increasingly important in the field of (bio)sensors. The performance and sensitivity of electrochemical biosensors can be greatly improved by the integration of nanomaterials into their construction. In this sense, carbon nanomaterials have been widely used for preparation of biosensors due to their ability to enhance electron-transfer kinetics, high surface-to-volume ratios, and biocompatibility. Fullerenes are a very promising family of carbon nanomaterials and have attracted great interest in recent years in the design of novel biosensing systems due to fullerenes’ exceptional properties. These include multiple redox states, stability in many redox forms, easy functionalization and signal mediation. This paper outlines the state-of-the-art and future directions in the use and functionalization of fullerene-C60 and its derivatives, both as electrode modifiers and advanced labels in electrochemical catalytic and affinity biosensors through selected applications. View Full-Text
Keywords: fullerene; electrochemical biosensor; catalytic biosensor; affinity biosensor; electrode modifiers; nanocarriers fullerene; electrochemical biosensor; catalytic biosensor; affinity biosensor; electrode modifiers; nanocarriers
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Yáñez-Sedeño, P.; Campuzano, S.; Pingarrón, J.M. Fullerenes in Electrochemical Catalytic and Affinity Biosensing: A Review. C 2017, 3, 21.

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