Besides Pathology: Long Non-Coding RNA in Cell and Tissue Homeostasis
AbstractA significant proportion of mammalian genomes corresponds to genes that transcribe long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs). Throughout the last decade, the number of studies concerning the roles played by lncRNAs in different biological processes has increased considerably. This intense interest in lncRNAs has produced a major shift in our understanding of gene and genome regulation and structure. It became apparent that lncRNAs regulate gene expression through several mechanisms. These RNAs function as transcriptional or post-transcriptional regulators through binding to histone-modifying complexes, to DNA, to transcription factors and other DNA binding proteins, to RNA polymerase II, to mRNA, or through the modulation of microRNA or enzyme function. Often, the lncRNA transcription itself rather than the lncRNA product appears to be regulatory. In this review, we highlight studies identifying lncRNAs in the homeostasis of various cell and tissue types or demonstrating their effects in the expression of protein-coding or other non-coding RNA genes. View Full-Text
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Salviano-Silva, A.; Lobo-Alves, S.C.; Almeida, R.C.; Malheiros, D.; Petzl-Erler, M.L. Besides Pathology: Long Non-Coding RNA in Cell and Tissue Homeostasis. Non-Coding RNA 2018, 4, 3.
Salviano-Silva A, Lobo-Alves SC, Almeida RC, Malheiros D, Petzl-Erler ML. Besides Pathology: Long Non-Coding RNA in Cell and Tissue Homeostasis. Non-Coding RNA. 2018; 4(1):3.Chicago/Turabian Style
Salviano-Silva, Amanda; Lobo-Alves, Sara C.; Almeida, Rodrigo C.; Malheiros, Danielle; Petzl-Erler, Maria L. 2018. "Besides Pathology: Long Non-Coding RNA in Cell and Tissue Homeostasis." Non-Coding RNA 4, no. 1: 3.
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