Antisense Activity across the Nesp Promoter is Required for Nespas-Mediated Silencing in the Imprinted Gnas Cluster
AbstractMacro long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) play major roles in gene silencing in inprinted gene clusters. Within the imprinted Gnas cluster, the paternally expressed Nespas lncRNA downregulates its sense counterpart Nesp. To explore the mechanism of action of Nespas, we generated two new knock-in alleles to truncate Nespas upstream and downstream of the Nesp promoter. We show that Nespas is essential for methylation of the Nesp differentially methylated region (DMR), but higher levels of Nespas are required for methylation than are needed for downregulation of Nesp. Although Nespas is transcribed for over 27 kb, only Nespas transcript/transcription across a 2.6 kb region that includes the Nesp promoter is necessary for methylation of the Nesp DMR. In both mutants, the levels of Nespas were extraordinarily high, due at least in part to increased stability, an effect not seen with other imprinted lncRNAs. However, even when levels were greatly raised, Nespas remained exclusively cis-acting. We propose Nespas regulates Nesp methylation and expression to ensure appropriate levels of expression of the protein coding transcripts Gnasxl and Gnas on the paternal chromosome. Thus, Nespas mediates paternal gene expression over the entire Gnas cluster via a single gene, Nesp. View Full-Text
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Tibbit, C.J.; Williamson, C.M.; Mehta, S.; Ball, S.T.; Chotalia, M.; Nottingham, W.T.; Eaton, S.A.; Quwailid, M.M.; Teboul, L.; Kelsey, G.; Peters, J. Antisense Activity across the Nesp Promoter is Required for Nespas-Mediated Silencing in the Imprinted Gnas Cluster. Non-Coding RNA 2015, 1, 246-265.
Tibbit CJ, Williamson CM, Mehta S, Ball ST, Chotalia M, Nottingham WT, Eaton SA, Quwailid MM, Teboul L, Kelsey G, Peters J. Antisense Activity across the Nesp Promoter is Required for Nespas-Mediated Silencing in the Imprinted Gnas Cluster. Non-Coding RNA. 2015; 1(3):246-265.Chicago/Turabian Style
Tibbit, Charlotte J.; Williamson, Christine M.; Mehta, Stuti; Ball, Simon T.; Chotalia, Mita; Nottingham, Wade T.; Eaton, Sally A.; Quwailid, Mohamed M.; Teboul, Lydia; Kelsey, Gavin; Peters, Jo. 2015. "Antisense Activity across the Nesp Promoter is Required for Nespas-Mediated Silencing in the Imprinted Gnas Cluster." Non-Coding RNA 1, no. 3: 246-265.