Oryzines A & B, Maleidride Congeners from Aspergillus oryzae and Their Putative Biosynthesis
AbstractAspergillus oryzae is traditionally used in East Asia for the production of food and brewing. In addition, it has been developed into a suitable host for the heterologous expression of natural product biosynthetic genes and gene clusters, enabling the functional analysis of the encoded enzymes. A. oryzae shares a 99.5% genome homology with Aspergillus flavus, but their secondary metabolomes differ significantly and various compounds unique to A. oryzae have been reported. While using A. oryzae as a host for heterologous expression experiments we discovered two new metabolites in extracts of A. oryzae M-2-3 with an unusual maleidride backbone, which were named oryzine A and B. Their structures were elucidated by high resolution mass spectrometry (HRMS) and nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) analysis. Their structural relationships with known maleidrides implied involvement of a citrate synthase (CS) and a polyketide (PKS) or fatty acid synthase (FAS) in their biosynthesis. Analysis of the A. oryzae genome revealed a single putative biosynthetic gene cluster (BGC) consistent with the hypothetical biosynthesis of the oryzines. These findings increase knowledge of the chemical potential of A. oryzae and are the first attempt to link a novel product of this fungus with genomic data. View Full-Text
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Wasil, Z.; Kuhnert, E.; Simpson, T.J.; Cox, R.J. Oryzines A & B, Maleidride Congeners from Aspergillus oryzae and Their Putative Biosynthesis. J. Fungi 2018, 4, 96.
Wasil Z, Kuhnert E, Simpson TJ, Cox RJ. Oryzines A & B, Maleidride Congeners from Aspergillus oryzae and Their Putative Biosynthesis. Journal of Fungi. 2018; 4(3):96.Chicago/Turabian Style
Wasil, Zahida; Kuhnert, Eric; Simpson, Thomas J.; Cox, Russell J. 2018. "Oryzines A & B, Maleidride Congeners from Aspergillus oryzae and Their Putative Biosynthesis." J. Fungi 4, no. 3: 96.
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