Genetic and Epigenetic Mechanisms Linking Air Pollution and Congenital Heart Disease
AbstractEpidemiological studies strongly suggest that parental air pollutants exposure during the periconceptional period may play a major role in causing fetal/newborn malformations, including a frequent heterogeneity in the methods applied and a difficulty in estimating the clear effect of environmental toxicants. Moreover, only some couples exposed to toxicants during the pre-conception period give birth to a child with congenital anomalies. The reasons for such phenomena remain elusive but they can be explained by the individual, innate ability to metabolize these contaminants that eventually defines the ultimate dose of a biological active toxicant. In this paper, we reviewed the major evidence regarding the role of parental air pollutant exposure on congenital heart disease (CHD) risk as well as the modulating effect on detoxification systems. Finally, major epigenetic alterations induced by adverse environment contaminants have been revised as possible mechanisms altering a correct heart morphogenesis. View Full-Text
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Vecoli, C.; Pulignani, S.; Andreassi, M.G. Genetic and Epigenetic Mechanisms Linking Air Pollution and Congenital Heart Disease. J. Cardiovasc. Dev. Dis. 2016, 3, 32.
Vecoli C, Pulignani S, Andreassi MG. Genetic and Epigenetic Mechanisms Linking Air Pollution and Congenital Heart Disease. Journal of Cardiovascular Development and Disease. 2016; 3(4):32.Chicago/Turabian Style
Vecoli, Cecilia; Pulignani, Silvia; Andreassi, Maria G. 2016. "Genetic and Epigenetic Mechanisms Linking Air Pollution and Congenital Heart Disease." J. Cardiovasc. Dev. Dis. 3, no. 4: 32.
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