The Dorsal Mesenchymal Protrusion and the Pathogenesis of Atrioventricular Septal Defects
AbstractCongenital heart malformations are the most common type of defects found at birth. About 1% of infants are born with one or more heart defect on a yearly basis. Congenital Heart Disease (CHD) causes more deaths in the first year of life than any other congenital abnormality, and each year, nearly twice as many children die in the United States from CHD as from all forms of childhood cancers combined. Atrioventricular septal defects (AVSD) are congenital heart malformations affecting approximately 1 in 2000 live births. Babies born with an AVSD often require surgical intervention shortly after birth. However, even after successful surgery, these individuals typically have to deal with lifelong complications with the most common being a leaky mitral valve. In recent years the understanding of the molecular etiology and morphological mechanisms associated with the pathogenesis of AVSDs has significantly changed. Specifically, these studies have linked abnormal development of the Dorsal Mesenchymal Protrusion (DMP), a Second Heart Field-derived structure, to the development of this congenital defect. In this review we will be discuss some of the latest insights into the role of the DMP in the normal formation of the atrioventricular septal complex and in the pathogenesis of AVSDs. View Full-Text
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Burns, T.; Yang, Y.; Hiriart, E.; Wessels, A. The Dorsal Mesenchymal Protrusion and the Pathogenesis of Atrioventricular Septal Defects. J. Cardiovasc. Dev. Dis. 2016, 3, 29.
Burns T, Yang Y, Hiriart E, Wessels A. The Dorsal Mesenchymal Protrusion and the Pathogenesis of Atrioventricular Septal Defects. Journal of Cardiovascular Development and Disease. 2016; 3(4):29.Chicago/Turabian Style
Burns, Tara; Yang, Yanping; Hiriart, Emilye; Wessels, Andy. 2016. "The Dorsal Mesenchymal Protrusion and the Pathogenesis of Atrioventricular Septal Defects." J. Cardiovasc. Dev. Dis. 3, no. 4: 29.
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