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J. Cardiovasc. Dev. Dis. 2016, 3(2), 20; doi:10.3390/jcdd3020020

Genome-Wide Approaches to Drosophila Heart Development

Division of Developmental Biology, Department of Biology, Friedrich-Alexander University of Erlangen-Nürnberg, Staudtstr. 5, Erlangen 91058, Germany
Academic Editors: Rolf Bodmer and Georg Vogler
Received: 14 April 2016 / Revised: 22 May 2016 / Accepted: 24 May 2016 / Published: 27 May 2016
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Non-mammalian Animal Models to Study Heart Development and Disease)
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Abstract

The development of the dorsal vessel in Drosophila is one of the first systems in which key mechanisms regulating cardiogenesis have been defined in great detail at the genetic and molecular level. Due to evolutionary conservation, these findings have also provided major inputs into studies of cardiogenesis in vertebrates. Many of the major components that control Drosophila cardiogenesis were discovered based on candidate gene approaches and their functions were defined by employing the outstanding genetic tools and molecular techniques available in this system. More recently, approaches have been taken that aim to interrogate the entire genome in order to identify novel components and describe genomic features that are pertinent to the regulation of heart development. Apart from classical forward genetic screens, the availability of the thoroughly annotated Drosophila genome sequence made new genome-wide approaches possible, which include the generation of massive numbers of RNA interference (RNAi) reagents that were used in forward genetic screens, as well as studies of the transcriptomes and proteomes of the developing heart under normal and experimentally manipulated conditions. Moreover, genome-wide chromatin immunoprecipitation experiments have been performed with the aim to define the full set of genomic binding sites of the major cardiogenic transcription factors, their relevant target genes, and a more complete picture of the regulatory network that drives cardiogenesis. This review will give an overview on these genome-wide approaches to Drosophila heart development and on computational analyses of the obtained information that ultimately aim to provide a description of this process at the systems level. View Full-Text
Keywords: cardiogenesis; heart development; cardiogenic transcription factors; genetic screens; genomics; transcriptomics; ChIP-chip; ChIP-seq; machine learning cardiogenesis; heart development; cardiogenic transcription factors; genetic screens; genomics; transcriptomics; ChIP-chip; ChIP-seq; machine learning
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Frasch, M. Genome-Wide Approaches to Drosophila Heart Development. J. Cardiovasc. Dev. Dis. 2016, 3, 20.

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J. Cardiovasc. Dev. Dis. EISSN 2308-3425 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
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