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Open AccessCase Report
Vet. Sci. 2014, 1(3), 150-158; doi:10.3390/vetsci1030150

Fatal Canine Leptospirosis on St. Kitts

1
Department of Biomedical Sciences, Ross University School of Veterinary Medicine, P.O. Box 334, Basseterre, West Indies,St. Kitts
2
Department of Microbiology & Immunology, Midwestern University, Glendale, AZ 85308, USA
3
Banfield Pet Hospital, 10520 Trinity Parkway, Stockton, CA 95219, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 14 July 2014 / Revised: 26 September 2014 / Accepted: 29 September 2014 / Published: 20 October 2014
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Abstract

Through prospective enrollment of canine patients at the Ross University Veterinary Clinic, on St. Kitts, four cases of acute fatal leptospirosis were diagnosed. Clinical, pathological, and diagnostic findings in these cases are summarized in this case series. Icterus, thrombocytopenia, hyperphosphatemia, pulmonary hemorrhage, and both hepatocellular and renal damage were noted in all four cases. Interestingly, extensive myocardial involvement was also observed in one case. To our knowledge, this is the first documentation of myocarditis in a dog with leptospirosis, and the first report of fatal leptospirosis in any animal species on the Caribbean island of St. Kitts. View Full-Text
Keywords: canine leptospirosis; Leptospira; spirochetes canine leptospirosis; Leptospira; spirochetes
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Loftis, A.; Castillo-Alcala, F.; Bogdanovic, L.; Verma, A. Fatal Canine Leptospirosis on St. Kitts. Vet. Sci. 2014, 1, 150-158.

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